How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Feebas (Japanese: ヒンバス Hinbass) is a Water-type Pokémon introduced in Generation III.

It evolves into Milotic when leveled up with its Beautiful condition high enough, or (from Generation V onward) when traded while holding a Prism Scale.



How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Feebas is a shabby, old-looking, fishlike Pokémon with a light brown body covered in dark, irregular spots. It has large, deep-set eyes and big, pink lips. The tail and pectoral fins are dull blue and tattered in appearance. The dorsal fin is triangular with a hole in the middle. Due to its poor appearance, it is largely ignored by predators, Trainers, and researchers alike. However, this hardy Pokémon is capable of eating anything and living anywhere. It is often found in oceans and weed-choked ponds, even if only a little water is available. While there are many of this Pokémon in existence, populations tend to cluster in small areas. Once found, its dull wits make it easy to capture. Feebas is a source of research due to its vitality despite it being unattractive and unpopular. In the anime, Prism Scales are revealed to form naturally on Feebas on occasion.

In the anime

Main series

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Major appearances

In Ya See We Want An Evolution!, Haley’s Feebas, known as “The Loveliest Feebas of All”, proved itself to be a strong Pokémon without even evolving.

In Malice in Wonderland!, one of Mismagius’s illusions featured a Feebas belonging to Johanna evolving into a Milotic.

In The Cuteness Quotient!, Jinny’s Feebas, nicknamed Feeby (Japanese: ひーちゃん Hi-chan), competed in the Friendship Festival and evolved into a Milotic during a battle against Meowth.

Minor appearances

Feebas debuted in Whiscash and Ash, where it bit Jessie’s hair.

In Strategy Begins at Home!, Team Rocket was fishing for Goldeen in a lake with a Feebas.

In Big Sky, Small Fry!, Lana reeled in a Feebas while fishing and gave it to the master fisherman so she and Ash could use his boat.

In Dewpider Ascending!, a Feebas was swimming along a river.

Pokédex entries

Pokémon: Twilight Wings

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

In a flashback in Early-Evening Waves, a young Nessa befriended a Feebas. It later evolved into Milotic and reunited with her in the present day.

In the manga

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Pokémon Adventures

In Not So Fetching Feebas, Ruby obtained a female Feebas after she took a liking to him while he was fishing at Route 119. After protecting him from a wild Zangoose and Seviper, Ruby was forced to keep her on his team, nicknaming her Feefee. She later evolved into a Milotic in It All Ends Now VII after Ruby had declared that she was beautiful despite her looks.

Pokémon Battle Frontier

Enta had a Feebas, which evolved into a Milotic after a battle with Tucker in Introducing the Frontier Brains!.

Pokémon Diamond and Pearl Adventure!

Mitsumi has a Milotic which evolved from Feebas, shown in a flashback in Mitsumi’s Wish.

In the TCG

Game data

NPC appearances

    : A Feebas may randomly appear in the pond. Tapping it triggers the “Is It Feebas?” event.

Pokédex entries

Game locations

The fishing spots Feebas is found in are randomly generated in Generation III, IV, and Pokémon Brilliant Diamond and Shining Pearl. In Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald they randomly change whenever the trend in Dewford Town changes. In Sinnoh, they change every day.

In side games

Feebas will not appear in Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team until a rescue mission involving it has been completed, for example, using the following Wonder Mail code:

1 ? 6 9 ♀ J Y ? ? X 6 Q X J ? Q F 4 ? 6 Q ! ? X Objective: Rescue Feebas on floor 3 of Thunderwave Cave.

This is the result for fish pokemon sun and moon, please check the bellow links to know more:

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How to Catch Feebas in Pokémon Sun and Moon: 5 Steps

Fish in this spot. When it is rippling, there is a 5% chance of finding a Feebas. When it is not rippling, there is a 1% chance. … In Pokemon Sun and Moon, can Feebas be called in? Community Answer. As of yet, no. Generally the most frequent emergency calls result in Magikarps, and sometimes a Gyrados as well.

List of Alola Form Pokemon – Pokemon Sun & Pokemon …

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The region of Alola was first introduced in Pokémon Sun and Moon. These games gave us new Pokémon as well as reinterpretations of Pokémon we know and love. Naturally, there are some Pokémon that are obviously better than others, but there are also a few Pokémon that no trainer would want to miss out on. Although these Pokémon aren’t necessarily the hardest to catch, it can be difficult to track them down.

Luckily, we’ve compiled a list of the 10 most difficult-to-find Pokémon. Hopefully, this will make your training a little easier. Rather than blindly searching for these elusive Pokémon, we have the location of each one and the best tactics for finding them.

Further reading

Munchlax and Happiny: Route 1

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Munchlax, the baby form of the formidable Snorlax, can be caught extremely early in the game. Munchlax can be found in the patches of grass directly to the right of your house on Melemele Island. It’s an exceptionally rare encounter, but it’s in there.

Happiny, the unevolved form of Chansey, can also be caught on Route 1, but only during SOS battles (battles where the Pokémon has called for help). Rumor has it that wild Bonsly are most likely to summon a Happiny to help.

Bagon: Route 3

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

The dragon Pokémon that eventually evolves into the fearsome Salamance can be found more easily later in the game, but you can run into it very early on Melemele Island (the first island). There’s a single patch of grass on Route 3 to the right of the bridge that leads back to Route 1. Its encounter rate is insanely low, but if you’re determined to have a Salamance on your team right at the start, it is possible.

Passimian/Oranguru: Lush Jungle

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

The twin (fraternal, not identical) new monkey Pokémon can be found early on, on the second island in Lush Jungle. Passimian only appears in Sun and Oranguru in Moon. T hey’re both extremely rare encounters in their respective games. All you can do is keep hunting.

Feebas: Brooklet Hill

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

When it was introduced in generation 3 ( Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire ), Feebas was insanely hard to catch. Now, it’s just a matter of beating the odds while fishing at Brooklet Hill. Look for fishing spots with bubbles coming out of them to improve your odds of finding the weird fish that evolves into the beautiful Milotic.

Vulpix/Sandshrew: Tapu Village

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Vulpix (in Pokémon Sun ) and Sandshrew (in Pokémon Moon ) have been around in Pokémon forever. But in Alola, they get new typing, and they look awesome. They’re common on the path approaching the Elite Four, but you can actually get them much earlier than that. With a little patience, you can find them in the grass in Tapu Village on the third island.

Mimikyu: Thrifty Megamart

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

If you’ve progressed far enough in the story to catch a Mimikyu, then you’ll already know exactly where to get it. But an encounter with the powerful Pikachu wannabe is so rare within the abandoned supermarket that you might find yourself questioning whether it’s in there at all. Rest assured, it is — just keep fainting those Golbats and Haunters until your new best friend appears.

Jangmo-o: Vast Poni Canyon

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Jangmo-o lives in the canyon on Poni Island and is your battle opponent once you arrive there. But like the other monsters on this list, it’s not easy to find this dragon-type Pokémon. You’ll have to search the grasses around the trial site or even crawl around under the nearby branches to find his hiding place.

Aerodactyl: Seafolk Village

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

Call it a quirky defect, but in Pokémon Sun and Moon , Pokemon cannot hide because all the different creatures willingly expose themselves. Just take the case of Aerodactyl, who has his cover blown by Seafolk Village inhabitants. Once you find the trainer in the Huntail boat, he’ll give you Aerodactyl for free, no strings attached. It’s definitely worth the trip to catch this Pokemon.

Dhelmise: Seafolk Village

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

We can safely say that Dhelmise is the strangest Pokemon fish you will encounter while on the hunt. Oddly enough, it’s not actually a fish, and it has ghost/grass typing instead of water typing. Regardless of all that, you can only catch the ghostly anchor when you’re fishing in Seafolk Village. Try to cast your line in bubbly spots because that means something’s below the surface; however, bubbles don’t guarantee you’ll find Dhelmise due to its low encounter rate.

Drampa and Turtonator: Mount Lanakila/Blush Mountain

How to catch feebas in pokémon sun and moon

After you catch the legendary Pokemon, make sure you catch Dramp and Turtonator. These two Pokemon are Sun/Moon exclusives you don’t want to miss. Drampa, the Moon exclusive and dragon/normal type, can be found on Mount Lanakila; Turtonator, the Sun exclusive and dragon/fire type, is on Blush Mountain.

Once you have a Feebas, you’ll need a Prism Scale. Since there are no Contests in the Alola region, Feebas won’t be evolving through a beauty stat in Sun and Moon. Instead, it will evolve if traded while holding a Prism Scale.25-Nov-2016

Can you evolve Feebas without trading?

Before players can evolve Feebas, they must obtain one either by catching it from the wild or through trade. … But players won’t be able to obtain Feebas unless they have the upgraded Rotom Bike after they defeat the sixth gym leader.

How do you get Milotic in Pokemon sun?

If you’re looking to get a Milotic for your Pokemon Sun team, you’ll first have to get the much weaker and unappealing Feebas. This fish Pokemon can be fished up from the waters of Brooklet Hill, though it has an extremely low catch rate.

How do you evolve Milotic in Pokemon moon?

You use Berries to make treats for the Pokemon called Poffins. Blue ones raise the Beauty stat used in Contests. When you raise the Beauty of a Feebas high enough, then have it gain a level, it will evolve into Milotic.

Is Milotic a good Pokemon?

Milotic is a great addition to the metagame, however, it is not as powerful as a Waterfall Gyarados. … With strong stats, good move pool variety and access to Waterfall, Milotic can be a good replacement for Vaporeon and Gyarados.

Can Feebas SOS Milotic?

Feebas will evolve into Milotic when traded while it’s holding a Prism Scale. You can obtain a Prism Scale from Exeggutor Island found in Poni Island.

Can you Evolve Haunter without trading?

Will Haunter be able to evolve without being traded? No. It is a Pokémon that requires a link or GTS or wonder trade to evolve. ¦ Haunter only evolves into Gengar if you trade.

What is the fastest way to evolve Feebas?

Just like in other Pokémon games, Feebas has a special way to evolve into Milotic in Pokémon Go. To evolve Feebas into a Milotic, you’ll need to walk 20 kilometers with it set as your buddy. Set the specific Feebas you want to evolve as your buddy in order to evolve it.

Can a male Feebas evolve into Milotic?

To evolve Feebas into Milotic you need to trade Feebas whilst it is holding a Prism Scale.

Can you evolve Feebas without trading in Pokemon sun?

Getting a Milotic in either Pokemon Sun or Moon will require you evolve a Feebas. … Once you have a Feebas, you’ll need a Prism Scale. Since there are no Contests in the Alola region, Feebas won’t be evolving through a beauty stat in Sun and Moon. Instead, it will evolve if traded while holding a Prism Scale.

Can Milotic learn surf?

Best moveset for Milotic

The best moves for Milotic are Waterfall and Surf when attacking Pokémon in Gyms. This move combination has the highest total DPS and is also the best moveset for PVP battles.

Can you hatch Poipole?

Poipole is a Legendary Pokémon that can only be obtained by doing the Ultra Beast Quest through the use of an Ultra Saddle. Hatching a Poipole egg will count towards your shiny chain.

When should I evolve Feebas?

You need to walk the specific Feebas you want to evolve for 20 KM. That means, if you want a good (high iV) Milotic, you first need to find a good (high IV) Feebas. If you find a better Feebas you’d rather evolve, you’ll have to start over. Tap on your Avatar.

Is Milotic in Pokemon moon?

With both a Feebas and Prism Scale in hand, you have all the mixings for a proper Milotic. For more Pokemon Sun and Moon tips, tricks, and walkthroughs, check out our ever-expanding Ultimate Guide filled with everything you need to know.

How do I raise my Pokemon’s beauty?

The only way to raise Beauty is by feeding Feebas Blue or Indigo PokeBlocks. PokeBlocks are used to raise five different aspects of your Pokemon: Smartness, Cuteness, Coolness, Beauty and Toughness.

Is Gyarados better than Milotic?

Both have the same Base Stat Total (540), differing only in the distribution of their Attack, Special Attack, and Special Defense. Both have the same base stat total increase after evolution at 340 points. Milotic has the power to calm emotions, whereas Gyarados spreads further conflict and destruction.

Is Milotic a rare Pokemon?

Did you know you can also catch Milotic in the wild too though? This is an incredibly rare encounter exclusively in the water around South Lake Miloch and the Lake of Outrage, and the weather has to be foggy, but it is possible.

Is Feebas rare?

Feebas is not just rare, but it’s also incredibly useless as a battler before it’s had a chance to evolve. … However, Feebas evolves into Milotic, which is a beautiful and popular water-type Pokémon that many people use.

Is there a mega Milotic?

Nope. Milotic can’t mega evolve.

Where can I find Feebas in Brooklet Hill?

Feebas can be found at all ripples on Brooklet Hill.

Where is Milotic sword?

Pokemon Sword and Shield Milotic is a Water Type Tender Pokémon, which makes it weak against Grass, Electric type moves. You can find and catch Milotic in Route 2 – Lakeside with a 1% chance to encounter during All Weather weather when walking through tall grass.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Home » Cooking tips » FAQ » Are You Curious If Your Watermelon Has Gone Bad?

Posted on Last updated: June 13, 2021 By: Author Renee Groskreutz

We need to know if our watermelon has gone bad!If you are curious, can watermelon go bad? The answer is yes. In this article, you will learn how to spot spoiled watermelon.Unluckily, watermelons do not last forever, and in this article, allow me to tell you the answer to does watermelon go bad plus all the essential information you ought to know about its storage life.

Watermelon is my favorite fruit, so I try and do all that I can to prolong the shelf life. We will walk through each step of all that you need to know.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Does Watermelon Go Bad?

The unfortunate answer to this is yes. Watermelon, much like other and most, if not all, fruits go bad. There is a reason why farmers automatically harvest the watermelon only when it is nearing the peak of its ripe age.

They do this because watermelon is, in fact, one of the fruits that do not just go bad but quickly as well. This reality also means that watermelon, as much as possible, has to be consumed immediately.

It goes without saying that unlike some fruits, watermelon has a minimum storage life . This short shelf life could be because watermelons are composed of a considerable quantity of water and sugar.

As a result, it is easy for microorganisms, such as bacteria, to grow in certain areas. Once the watermelon is sliced, it pretty much becomes like sugar water.

As a word of advice, consume everything as soon as it comes to the peak of its ripe age. This is not just for the sake of being able to eat it before it goes spoiled.

You want to eat the watermelon when it is in prime ripe condition because that is when it tastes best as well.

You can vividly savor the juices and feel their delicious and sweet taste, perfect for combating that summer heat.

How to Know if It Watermelon has Gone Bad

It is critical to know how to tell if watermelon is bad. We have two methods listed below that will help you with how to know when watermelon is bad.

Method One: To Check for Signs

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Watermelon showing cracks

1. Spots some molds on the exterior

The first step to find out whether your watermelon has gone bad is to spot for signs. That first sign you need to look for are any dark spots also better known as molds.

These molds are usually the spots that stand out when spotted at the exterior of your watermelon. If it doesn’t, then you are going to need to dig a little deeper. Literally.

2. Check the color

Watermelon has that stereotypical appearance of being stripped. It is an alternating pattern between dark green and a lighter shade of green.However, there is also another look for watermelon and that is a consistent shade of green that resembles a pine.

3. Analyze the watermelon flesh

Cut open your fruit and examine the fruit flesh. What you will first notice, if your watermelon has already gone bad, is that it has already started to shrivel.At times, the seed is already distancing themselves away from the flesh. At other times, the flesh can also turn a little slimy.

4. Check the smell

The smell can be a big giveaway on whether your fruit has already gone bad. Chances are if it now smells a bit tangy or sour, then it is time for you to throw it away.

Method Two: Through Dates

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

1. Check the expiration date

As for this method, the rule of thumb is to follow this if what you are eating is the pre-cut watermelons. The first step to managing these types of watermelon is to check the expiration date.

2. Store in the refrigerator

You may opt to do this for at least the first two to three days. Please take the liberty of eating your watermelons after this given time duration.Otherwise, you probably should try to look for the same signs that I have mentioned in the first step.

3. Evaluate each cut

Since these watermelons are already pre-cut, the signs you have to look for are a bit different from the whole watermelon.For this step, check each cut individually. Examine the smell and the color of the flesh.

How long does watermelon stay good for?

  • An uncut watermelon can be kept on the counter at room temperature for up to 10 days.
  • An uncut watermelon can be kept in the fridge for up to 3 weeks.
  • A cut watermelon is good in the fridge for about 3 days.

How to Extend Storage Life

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

  • There is no better advice than to refrigerate your whole watermelons. For best results, do this at a temperature of about 55 degrees.
  • If you are eating the pre-cut watermelons, the best way to keep it fresh is to store it in air tight containers in the fridge.

How to pick a watermelon

A good watermelon should be free of bruises and rotting spots. It should feel heavy compared to other watermelons of its size. A ripe watermelon will be cream colored on the bottom.

Step 1: Visual Inspection

Do you see any bruises, rotting spots or holes in the watermelon?

Step 2: Pick it up

Is it heavy? It should feel heavy. Watermelon is almost completely water. If it feels light for its size compared to other watermelons it isn’t good.

Step 2: Pick it up

The bottom side of the watermelon, where it was laying on the ground, should be creamy in color. If it is white it isn’t ripe. If it is bright yellow, it is overripe.

When is watermelon in season?

The watermelon season ranges from June to September in the United States. However, these days you can often buy cut up watermelon year around in the grocery stores.

However, keep in mind that the winter months will likely not produce the sweet and juicy watermelon that we all love. During the winter season the watermelon tends to come from Mexico and Central America.

Can you freeze watermelon?

You can freeze cut watermelon. You should not attempt to freeze a whole watermelon. If you freeze watermelon make sure to remove the seeds. It is best to only freeze seedless watermelons.

Freezing watermelon will change the texture of the watermelon when you defrost it. We recommend that you freeze it in small chunks and defrost it slowly in the fridge.

The bottom line

Watermelon, indeed, goes bad. It is easy to find out whether it already has. Look for empirical evidence; check its exterior appearance, the look of the flesh and the smell.

However, despite its limited storage life, there are different methods you can employ to ensure that its life can be extended.

Of course, the number one rule you have to keep in mind is to refrigerate it well. And lastly, to use proper means of storage.

There you have it, folks! I hope you enjoyed this article. Should you have any other suggestions, comments or suggestions, please do not hesitate to leave them down below. I’ll see you on the next article!

There is nothing worse than purchasing what you hoped would be a juicy watermelon from your local grocer, only to cut it and realize the flesh has gone bad. In this article I will give you all the insights needed to tell if a watermelon is bad.

This should give you the pointers needed to avoid purchasing a bad watermelon.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

How to Avoid Choosing a ‘Bad’ Watermelon

Check the Expiry Date

Prior to deciding on a watermelon always check the recommended ‘Best Before’ date. This will give you an indication of how long you have before this watermelon will begin to turn ‘bad’. Often supermarkets will put the cut watermelons with the longest shelf lives behind those with shorter shelf lives.

How to Recognize if a Whole Watermelon is ‘Bad’

Some watermelon enthusiasts choose to purchase a whole watermelon opposed to pre-cut quarters. Without seeing the flesh of the melon you have to base your judgement on the quality of the skin. The skin of a watermelon is thick so it can be difficult to figure out if the flesh will be juicy and fresh or not.

  1. Pick up the whole watermelon and check it’s entirety for any signs of mold (black, white or green) or dark colored spots. Mold and/or dark colored spots are true indicators that this is definitely not the best watermelon to pick.
  2. Look at the color of the watermelon. A fresh watermelon should be a pine green color often with a striped appearance.

How to Recognize if a Cut Watermelon is ‘Bad’

When you purchase a pre-cut watermelon you gain further knowledge of the flesh condition. Consider the two factors mentioned above along with the the following:

  1. Look at the color of the flesh. A fresh watermelon’s flesh should be pink or deep red in coloring (note this may vary across different types of watermelon for example a yellow fleshed melon).
  2. Look to see if the seeds of the watermelon are intact. Often in a spoilt watermelon, the flesh will begin to shrivel away from the seeds.
  3. The watermelon should smell sweet not sour.

Determining When a Watermelon Should Not be Consumed

It is important to understand that the shelf life of your watermelon will depend on how long it has been sitting in the supermarket. While big chain food retailers generally stock the shelves with fresh fruit daily, local grocers tend to have smaller turnovers. Knowing when your watermelon is considered ‘spoilt’ will ensure you do not fall sick from food induced illness. Watermelon is a perishable fruit that begins to deteriorate at a steady pace the minute it is cut.

Do not eat watermelon that:

  • Has visible mold or large dark areas
  • Appears discolored or has apparent ‘slime’
  • Has a strong sour smell

If your watermelon shows signs of any of these factors, it is always a good practice to throw it in the bin.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Read more about the shelf life of whole, quartered and cut watermelon here.

When I think of watermelon I think of summer. Watermelon is such a refreshing juicy snack or side on a hot summer day.

You don’t want to buy or eat a watermelon that is bad so I have created this post to give you a list of things to look for. The way it looks on the outside is a good indicator of how it will be on the inside.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

How to tell if a watermelon is bad is as simple as looking it over and smelling it. If it looks bruised, damaged, or has mold in it then it is not good. Also if you notice that it smells bad do not eat it.

3 Signs to tell if a watermelon is good

Knowing if your watermelon is good to eat or not is important so that you aren’t eating spoiled or moldy watermelon.

You want to make sure that you eat cut-up watermelon within 3-4 days and if you haven’t cut it yet it will last about a week left out before it starts to turn bad.

You can leave a whole watermelon uncut in the fridge to lengthen the freshness for up to two weeks.

Let’s go over the obvious signs of how to know if a watermelon is bad.

You really want to check these things before you cut a watermelon.

1. How does it look?

Look at the outside and make sure that there isn’t any mold or dark spots on the rind. If the outside of the watermelon looks damaged then it has probably affected the inside of the fruit as well.

Watermelon should have dark and light green alternating colors on the outside and a dark pink reddish inside when it is fresh.

If the inside color looks dull you may want to check the other signs as well. Any signs of mold inside or outside are indicators that you should not eat it.

2. Smell it

The outside of watermelons doesn’t have much of a smell to them but you may notice a slight sweet smell. If you smell mold or mildew at all then you want to discard it.

The same goes for the inside of the watermelon. If you have cut it up and you are not sure if it is good because it looks ok then smell it for a sweet smell.

It should smell like it tastes. A nice light sweet aroma.

3. Feel gritty or dry?

If you notice that your watermelon is gritty or dry then it is past its prime. You may notice that the flesh of the watermelon is separating from the seeds or the rind.

The first step in how to tell if watermelon is bad is to look for any molds or rotting on the surface.

If you see black spots or molds on the skin, it’s probably spoilt and should be thrown out.

Red-brown patches indicate that some parts have been eaten by bugs, which is also a sign that your watermelon has gone bad!

Step 2. Check If There Are Any Leaks.

If there are, it’s spoiled!

Step 3. Smell Your Watermelon!

There are many ways on how to tell if the watermelon is bad, and one of the best ways is by smelling it! If it smells like a strong smell of ammonia or sour milk, then you know that your watermelon has gone bad and should not be eaten.

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Step 4. Check The Color Of The Watermelon

Another step in how to tell if a watermelon is bad is to look at the color pattern.

​The color of the watermelon helps to identify if it has gone bad. Watermelon generally has a strip of alternating pattern between dark and lighter green. Check the color- if it is pale, it has gone bad.

The flesh should be very bright green if it is still good, but if the color is dull or has started to turn brown, it’s probably gone bad. Dark brown patches also indicate that your fruit has gone bad, so better avoid it at all costs!

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Step 5. Tap On The Surface

Tap on the surface of your watermelon and listen closely to check for a hollow sound. If you hear a deep sound, then the watermelon is fresh. If it’s not as “deep” or hollow sounding, then your fruit has started to go bad!

How to tell if a watermelon is bad

Step 6. Feel For Soft Spots On The Outside Of The Watermelon –

If there are soft spots on the watermelon, this indicates that it’s bad and should be thrown out.

Step 7. Squeeze The Watermelon To Check For A Hard Or Soft Texture.

A ripe fruit will have a softer feel than an unripe one. A ripe watermelon will also be heavier than an unripe one.

The texture of watermelons will also change from soft to hard when they start spoiling.

I hope this blog helped you learn “How to tell if watermelon is bad”.

Remember to save and share your next watermelon recipe with your friends! This watermelon receipe card and watermelon slicer and cutter may be helpful to you!

Can Watermelon Go Bad And Make You Sick? When Should You Not Eat Watermelon?

Watermelon should not be consumed if it tastes sour. Bad watermelon can make you sick if consumed in high amounts. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may be the consequences.

How Long Does Watermelon Last? How Long Does It Take For Watermelon To Go Bad?

It is best to eat watermelon within 1-2 days after buying it. But generally, watermelon can last for about 5-6 days at room temperature after purchase if it is fresh at that time.

Is Overripe Watermelon Safe To Eat?

Overripe watermelon doesn’t cause any harmful effect on our health. But it won’t be as tasty as before.

Does Watermelon Go Bad In The Fridge?

The whole watermelon can last in the fridge for about 2 weeks. And if it is cut piece then consume within 2-3 days.

Can frozen or canned watermelons go bad and make people sick?

Yes, frozen or canned watermelons can go bad if the temperature of the fridge fluctuates. Usually, cut piece of watermelon can be frozen for about a week. Bad watermelon taste sour and fizzy, don’t eat them.

What’s the white part of watermelon called?

The white part of watermelon is called rind.

What happens when you soak a watermelon inside water?

It is a good thing to soak a watermelon inside water which may help to remove insecticide and pesticide sprayed at the surface of the watermelon.

Is it dangerous to eat watermelon mixed with sugar?

No, it is not dangerous to eat watermelon mixed with sugar for normal people. But it is better to have only watermelon since it is sweet in its ripe and fresh stage. If it is tasteless (when unripened) you can add sugar in the necessary amount to maintain its taste.

Can Kittens Eat Watermelon?

Generally, we know that fruits aren’t part of a cat’s diet. It would be best if you never replaced its main meal with any fruits. Fruits like watermelons can be given in small pieces in a minimum amount. Strictly, use seedless watermelon for them to prevent choking.

What Can You Do With Spoiled Watermelon?

Spoiled watermelon can be used as fertilizer. Watermelon rinds are made of nutrient-rich green matter that can be chopped up and added to your compost bin or heap.

How To Tell If Watermelon Is Ripe Before Opening It?

You will notice these things if a watermelon is ripe: Watermelon will be heavy according to its size and a yellow spot will be seen in the ripe watermelon.

Can You Eat An Unripe Watermelon?

It isn’t harmful to eat unripe watermelon. But it is best to buy and eat fresh and ripen watermelon.

How To Tell If A Watermelon Is Rotten? How Does A Rotten Watermelon Smell?

If a watermelon is rotten, it will have soggy patches on its cover. It may be hallow and may not be as weighty as it used to be.

Can We Eat Watermelon Seeds?

Yes, we can eat watermelon seeds, but it is advisable not to! It is not true that if we eat seeds, they will grow in our stomachs. Our acidic nature of stomach won’t let it happen.

What’s The Difference Between A Red Watermelon And A Yellow Watermelon?

The red color in watermelon is due to a compound called lycopene which is also found in tomatoes. In comparison, yellow watermelon lacks lycopene compound.

What Are The Signs Of A Nitrate Watermelon?

Signs of nitrate watermelon are:
– Yellow rind instead of white indicates a high concentration of nitrates in watermelon.
– Any pores at the surface of watermelon.
– If watermelon contains a high amount of nitrates, we can see it by keeping a cut piece of it into water. If the color of water changes to pinkish-red other than regular watercolor after some time, it indicates the high concentration of nitrate and should not be consumed.

How to store sweet potato pie

How to store sweet potato pie

If you have leftover sweet potato pie, you might be wondering whether it’s something that you need to keep in the fridge, or if it is okay to store it on the counter or in your pantry. Overcrowded fridges are a real problem, so any food that doesn’t need to be kept in there is worth knowing about!

Does sweet potato pie need to be refrigerated? Sweet potato pie does need to be kept in the fridge, unfortunately. It contains both milk and eggs, and therefore it should not be kept at room temperature for longer than a couple of hours. As soon as it has cooled enough from baking, you should put some aluminum foil over the top and place it in the fridge.

Do You Have to Keep Sweet Potato Pie in the Fridge?

Yes, sweet potato pies must be kept in the fridge. Although raw sweet potatoes don’t need refrigeration, both eggs and milk do, and therefore you cannot leave the pie or its filling at room temperature for very long, or you risk compromising the food.

Bacteria often starts to grow in food that is not stored at 40 degrees F or less, and if you leave sweet potato pie out for too long, it could make anyone who eats it very sick. Even cooked potatoes should be refrigerated to preserve the integrity of the food, and all dairy and egg products should be kept in the fridge.

What are the Risks?

Although there is no meat in a sweet potato pie, you can still get food poisoning from one if it isn’t stored properly. Bacteria will grow in the food, just as it will in meat products, and if you consume this in any notable quantity, it could make you very sick.

The symptoms of eating sweet potato pie with bacteria growth include vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea, and they can be very unpleasant. It isn’t something you want to risk! Always handle sweet potato pie according to food hygiene recommendations, and put it in the fridge before two hours have passed.

You need to reduce this time if you live in a hot place, and no food should be unrefrigerated for more than one hour. If you accidentally leave food out, you need to throw it away. Although the risks may be lower than with meat, they are still significant!

What If You Need to Make Sweet Potato Pie in Advance?

Many things like pies are made in advance of big meals like Thanksgiving, and you might be wondering how you can deal with making it in advance if it has to be stored so carefully. The best way to store sweet potato pie that has been made in advance is in the freezer.

You can simply place it in an airtight container and leave it in the freezer until the day before the celebration. Take it out and then place it in the fridge to defrost slowly. It should then be ready for the big day!

It is worth noting that the texture of sweet potato pie that has been frozen may not be quite as good as with a fresh pie. You should make sure you wrap the pie thoroughly to minimize the amount of air that can get at it.

How Do You Refrigerate Sweet Potato Pie?

You can refrigerate sweet potato pie by allowing it to cool completely after it has been baked. This may take around three hours, because it must be room temperature all over before you put it in the fridge.

Cover the top with some aluminum foil, or place the pie in an airtight container with some kitchen towel to absorb any excess moisture. The foil is the ideal option, because it will reduce the airflow without trapping too much moisture against the pie and making it soggy. Nobody wants soggy pie!

How Do You Reheat Sweet Potato Pie?

It’s important to reheat a pie properly so that you know it is going to be both safe to eat and enjoyable! You should set your oven to 300 degrees F, and then put the pie on a baking sheet. Cover the edges of the pie with aluminum foil, bake for twenty minutes, and then remove the foil and allow it to bake for a further ten minutes.

This should leave you with a deliciously hot and succulent pie. If you want to bake it from frozen, rather than defrosting it first, you can follow the same process, but bake it for about 35 minutes before you remove the foil, and then bake it for another ten minutes.

Check that the pie is piping hot in the center before you serve it.

Can You Store Pie Filling in the Fridge?

If you just want to make the pie filling in advance and do the crust on the day, you might be wondering how to store the filling. You can pour this into sealable containers or glass jars and place it in the fridge for three to four days.

If you would rather freeze it, remember to leave space for expansion if you are freezing it in glass jars. You can then place the jars in cool water to defrost, or in the fridge. Don’t leave them at room temperature, because bacteria may start to form in the milk and eggs in the filling.

Can You Serve Sweet Potato Pie at Room Temperature?

Yes. If you want to serve your sweet potato pie without heating it, it’s fine to just take it out of the fridge and let it warm up until it reaches the desired temperature. If you are defrosting it, you should still do this in the fridge, and only allow it to warm up once it has unfrozen.

Final Thoughts

Sweet potato pie needs to be stored in the fridge as soon as it has cooled down from being baked. It is a good idea to give it a loose foil cap to reduce the airflow, and then place it in the fridge. It should then keep for three to four days. If you need longer than that, freeze the pie.

After baking, pie should be left at room temperature as the cooling process normally takes 2-4 hours. Within 4 hours, the pie should then be placed in the refrigerator. Cover loosely with plastic wrap until serving. Pie may be refrigerated for 2-3 days.

How long can you keep sweet potato pie?

How long does sweet potato pie last? The baked and cooled pie will keep for up to 4 days stored in the refrigerator. It will also keep for up to 1 month in the freezer.

How long can you keep sweet potato pie filling in the refrigerator?

If you are preparing this sweet potato pie a day in advance, you can keep it out at room temperature and covered loosely with foil. If you are making the pie more than a day in advance, cover the pie with plastic wrap and refrigerate for up to 4 days.

Do Sweet potatoes need to be refrigerated after baking?

After you have cooked the sweet potatoes, you should store them in the refrigerator. Give them some time (like 20 – 30 minutes) to cool off before chucking them into the fridge. Store them in either shallow airtight containers or freezer bags. The same thing goes for baked sweet potatoes – they have to be refrigerated.

Can you leave a sweet potato out overnight?

Are cooked sweet potatoes OK if left out overnight? Properly stored, cooked sweet potatoes will last for 3 to 5 days in the refrigerator. Bacteria grow rapidly at temperatures between 40 °F and 140 °F; cooked sweet potatoes should be discarded if left out for more than 2 hours at room temperature.

How long is cooked sweet potato good for in the refrigerator?

If your sweet potatoes are already cooked, storage is fairly simple. Put your cooked sweet potatoes in a shallow container such as a GladWare® Container or a GLAD Food Storage Zipper Gallon Bag and place in the refrigerator for short-term use. Cooked sweet potatoes can last in the fridge for 3 to 5 days.

How do you know when a sweet potato pie is done?

The center of the pie should have some give; it should jiggle slightly in the center. The pie has an internal temperature of 175°F on an instant-read thermometer when done. If you don’t want to take the temperature, a knife inserted into the edge of the filling should come out moist but clean.

How long can I keep pie filling in the fridge?

Let the pie filling cool completely so it thickens. Once the apple filling is cool, use it in a recipe, store in in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days in a Mason jar, or freeze in zip-top bags.

A classic Thanksgiving dessert, sweet potato pie is a traditional dish that will not disappoint.

Sweet potatoes are mixed with eggs and sugar to form the filling of this rich pumpkin-pie inspired treat.

The crust is made from buttery pecan crumbs and processed until it forms a dough before being pressed into the pie pan.

This post discusses how long does sweet potato pie last, how to store your pie, as well as how you can make sure your dish lasts for days.

What is Sweet Potato Pie?

How to store sweet potato pie

Sweet Potato Pie is a type of baked dessert that features sweet potatoes as the primary ingredient.

It can be served in slices, wedges or whole pies with different toppings ranging from whipped cream to chocolate syrup and cinnamon sugar.

Most Sweet Potato Pie recipes have a custard-like filling that is made from eggs, sugar and vanilla extract.

This mixture can be either baked or cooked on the stovetop until it becomes thickened before being mixed with other ingredients such as cream cheese, butter, and milk.

It’s is a popular Thanksgiving dish in the Southern United States, where it is often served on the side of other desserts or as a substitute for pumpkin pie.

How to Store Sweet Potato Pie?

How to store sweet potato pie

When it comes to storing your prized sweet potato pie, you may be wondering what is the best way.

Well, there are a few options to consider.

The first option for storing your pie is in the fridge.

This is a good option if you want it to last longer but will be consumed within about three days of being stored.

Putting it on a tray with some wax paper underneath and then covering loosely with aluminum foil or plastic wrap can help preserve its moistness.

You should also use this method if you plan on taking it out as needed since there won’t be any need to warm up before serving, take it right out of refrigeration.

If you think that you will not be consuming your pie within the next few days, you can store it in the freezer.

Please put it on a tray and then cover with plastic wrap or aluminum foil for best results when reheating later.

It would be best if you also thought about allowing at least two hours before adding any topping.

How Long Does Sweet Potato Pie Last?

How to store sweet potato pie

The shelf life of sweet potato pie will vary depending on the recipe and preparation.

Some recipes allow for longer shelf time than others, but they are all still subject to spoilage after a certain point.

Pie will need to rest at room temperature for between 2-4 hours before being placed in the refrigerator, where it should remain for a maximum of 3 days.

For best results, keep it refrigerated and serve within two days to avoid mold or dryness.

It’s important not to slice until you’re ready for consumption as this will cut into its freshness and shelf life period.

Pie is a classic Thanksgiving and holiday dessert that should be enjoyed by everyone.

But make sure you keep it safe to eat.

Can You Freeze an Already Baked Sweet Potato Pie?

How to store sweet potato pie

The answer is yes.

The best way to do this (so it doesn’t get soggy) would be by loosely wrapping the pies in foil, and then placing them inside of freezer safe bags or Tupperware containers.

You can freeze them for up to one month before they start to lose their flavors and textures.

How to Tell if Sweet Potato Pie is Bad?

How to store sweet potato pie

Tired of your sweet potato pie going bad before you can eat it? The key to knowing whether or not a baked good is still safe to consume lies in its appearance.

Here are ways for determining if the dish will be fresh and tasty:

  • Check the color. If it’s brown, mushy, or too dark in general, then your dessert is bad.
  • The pie has turned green, brownish in color or is moldy.
  • There are bubbles on the surface of the pie crust.
  • The filling may have an unpleasant odor (this would be indicative of spoilage). .
  • Smell can also give you a clue as to if something has gone wrong with your pie. It should have a sweet aroma that doesn’t smell like fruit or anything sour.
  • Lastly, and most importantly: taste. This is really the only way to know for sure whether or not the dish will be good enough for consumption (and enjoyment).

Remember these steps every time you bake a sweet potato pie so that your family and friends can enjoy it for years to come.


In conclusion, it’s best to store it in the fridge.

If you’re not going to be eating your sweet potato pie right away, make sure that you wrap a slice of aluminum foil around each piece so that they don’t dry out or develop mold while stored in the refrigerator.

The life span of any given baked good is dependent on many factors such as how well it was made, how long before consumption, what type of ingredients were used (including seasonings), and more.

But all things considered, we would say that most people will find their pies last up to 3 days under refrigeration.

As your thoughts turn to holiday meal planning, you may also be thinking about which dishes can be made ahead and how you can safely store them, both before the meal and afterwards. Desserts, most notably sweet potato pies, are always top on the list of items to be made in advance, so you want to be sure you store them properly to keep them as fresh as possible. Unless you serve your pie straight out of the oven, here are a few safety tips to follow to make sure your guests enjoy every single bite of your sweet potato pie.

How to Refrigerate Sweet Potato Pie

Sweet potato pies usually contain milk and eggs, so they are essentially baked custard pies and should be stored in the refrigerator. Rule of thumb: If a pie contains milk, cream and/or eggs, refrigerate it. You'll also want to refrigerate pies containing evaporated or condensed milk products. Those ingredients contain high levels of protein and moisture that are fertile grounds for the growth of bacteria.

After baking your pie, let it cool completely. This may take two to three hours – you don't want to feel even a hint of warmth when you touch the bottom of the pie pan. Loosely cover the pie with aluminum foil before refrigerating for up to three days.

How to Freeze Sweet Potato Pie

While you can freeze a sweet potato or pumpkin pie for up to three months, keep in mind that the texture may change slightly. Once your pie has completely cooled, wrap it securely in a few layers of plastic wrap, then wrap again in aluminum foil or place in an airtight freezer container. To thaw, place in the refrigerator overnight.

How to Reheat Sweet Potato Pie

If reheating directly from the freezer, place the frozen pie on a baking sheet and heat at 300° for 40-50 minutes. If your pie has a prebaked crust, keep the pie loosely covered with foil covered until the last 10 minutes. If your sweet potato pie has thawed in the refrigerator, place the chilled pie on the baking sheet and bake at 300° for less time, for about 30 minutes, again keeping the edges of the crust covered. Insert the tip of a knife into the center of the pie to see if the pie has warmed up.

Jennifer Causey Food Stylist: Torie Cox Prop Stylist: Claire Spollen

You may prefer to serve the pie room temperature. Once the pie is completely thawed, put it on the kitchen counter and let it reach the desired temperature. The plastic wrap may leave a few marks on the pie as it is removed; simply cover them up with a dollop of whipped cream or a sprinkling of cinnamon-sugar.

How to rattlesnake proof a backyard

How To Snake Proof A Yard

How to rattlesnake proof a backyard

A snake fence is the only guaranteed way of keeping the slithery pest out of your garden.

You may try traps, deterrents or even wildlife control but they will only have limited success.

The snake fence is secure, will last for many years and works 24/7 throughout the year.

Our clients have great success with snake fences, and we advise that you follow a few rules to get it right.

To build a snake fence on your property, you will need to:

  • Dig deep for success
  • Use vinyl to stop them climbing
  • Eliminate all gaps
  • Remove any external aids
  • Be vigilant with your maintenance

Let’s take a closer look at each tip for a snake-proof yard:

Dig deep for success

Snakes are very adept at getting under any fence.

They will find the slightest gap to slide under the fence and into the garden.

We recommend burying the base of the fence in a barrier of concrete.

Dig a trench about six inches deep and of the same width. Fill it with concrete and cover the base of the fence. The base should go about an inch or two into the concrete.

If using a wooden fence treat the wood with sealants and use pressure-treated wood too.

The best fencing option to prevent material damage is vinyl.

Use vinyl to stop them climbing

Speaking of vinyl, we find it to be excellent as a snake fence material.

Your snake fence will need to enclose your property to be successful and be tall enough to stop the snake climbing.

The surface of a vinyl privacy fence will keep the snake from climbing up and over and onto the property.

A skilled fence installer may slope the fence outwards to ensure the snake falls off when climbing.

A wooden fence offers the snake too many opportunities to get a grip when climbing.

Vinyl privacy fencing is the only option.

Eliminate all gaps

Your sneaky snake will simply slide through the slightest gap.

This is why we recommend the vinyl privacy fence and the burying of the base in a layer of concrete.

What you should do is eliminate any gaps. Ensure the fence panels fit tightly to the posts. Clients often ignore gate posts, and the snakes slip in the smallest of holes.

A good tip is to have one person go around the fence at night with a flashlight. At the same time, you walk around inside the fence. If you spotlight shining through, mark the spot and fill the gap.

If you can see a gap, then the snake will too.

Remove any external aids

You may have the best snake fence possible, but the snakes are still getting into the property.

A tree growing close to the fence may be giving them away over the structure. Get permission and trim the overhanging branches.

A storm drain is an obvious way for a snake to slip in, so keep them covered.

A high, well-sealed, vinyl privacy fence will keep the snakes out, but keep an eye on the external aids too.

Be vigilant with your maintenance

A good maintenance policy is vital to the success of any DIY fence install.

You should always treat the fence and keep it free of termites and fungi.

With a snake fence, you will need to keep an eye for new gaps in the fence. You should also fix any damage immediately to prevent holes appearing. The concrete under the fence may crack in cold weather, so keep an eye on that too.

Maintaining a vinyl fence is easy, but you need to be vigilant with snake fences.

Call us

At Fence Supply Online we know a thing or two about fencing.

Vinyl privacy fences are an excellent way of keeping the yard snake free.

How to rattlesnake proof a backyard

Leave it alone. Most bites occur when individuals or dogs provoke the rattlesnake or if you try to capture or kill it. Rattlesnakes only bite or attack in self-defense, so the best way to avoid being bitten is to leave the rattlesnake alone.

Many people spend a lifetime hunting, fishing or otherwise enjoying the outdoors and never see a rattlesnake. Very few people are actually bitten by rattlesnakes, yet because the bite is extremely painful and can be fatal, you should always keep alert and watch where you step or put your hands when you are in the field. Be careful after dark as well, for on warm nights rattlesnakes are out and about searching for food.

Most rattlesnakes, when disturbed, normally try to withdraw, but if they think they are cornered, the explosive sizzling buzz of their rattle is an unmistakable warning to retreat and is a sound that will long be remembered.

Tips To Avoid Rattlesnakes

  • Be sure to walk or hike in areas where you can see the path and where you step or reach with your hands.
  • Use a walking stick or other device to rustle the shrubs along the side of route to alert snakes of your presence.
  • Wear high boots or hiking boots, long pants and gloves (when using your hands to move rocks or brush).
  • Don’t put your hands or feet in areas where you cannot see such as on a ledge, in a crevice and use caution when you pick up rocks or debris where a rattlesnake may be hiding.

Tips to Protect Your Dog or Small Pet from Rattlesnake Bites

One of the most common fears of pet owners is that their dog or cat will be bitten by a rattlesnake.

Rattlesnake avoidance classes designed to train your dog to fear and avoid rattlesnakes is one way to approach the situation. There is also a pet rattlesnake vaccine, but there is some controversy over how effective it really is. Talk to your Vet about the pros and cons of vaccinating your dog or cat with the rattlesnake vaccine.

Here are some additional tips on how to protect your pets from rattlesnakes.

  • Always keep your dog or pet on a leash when outside of your home or away from your yard.
  • Don’t let your dog wander into tall grass or thick shrubs where rattlesnakes may be hiding.
  • Be careful along streams and riverbeds as snakes are often found in the tall grass near water sources.
  • If you encounter a rattlesnake stay a minimum of 10′ or more away from the snake and walk around the area or take another route.
  • Always have a nearby 24/7 Vet Hospital phone number and address with you when you venture out to hike with your dog and keep emergency numbers in an easy to find location at home.
  • Enroll your dog in a Rattlesnake Avoidance Class from a local dog trainer who has experience training dogs to avoid rattlesnakes.
  • Ask your vet if he or she feels a rattlesnake vaccine is appropriate for your dog.

Tips to Keep Rattlesnakes Out of Your Yard

A rattlesnake proof fence is one of the best ways to keep snakes out of your yard. It may be expensive, but worth the investment once you realize how expensive a visit to the emergency vet clinic will be.

A snake-proof fence should be a minimum of 3′ tall with the bottom portion of the fence buried at least 3" or more. Gates should have no gaps on the sides and be flush with the ground. Concrete slabs placed under the gate are even better. For your fencing material, use mesh that is not more than 1/4" in diameter or a solid material that is smooth. Snakes cannot climb smooth surfaces.

Here are some additional tips on how to snake proof your yard.

  • Keep the grass in your front and back yards cut short.
  • Clean up any debris in your yard including piles of wood, leaves, or any other materials that a snake could hide under.
  • Control rodents in your yard and around your home: pick up fruit on the ground, keep trash cans closed with lids and don’t leave pet food out.
  • Remove birdfeeders as they attract small rodents which rattlesnakes prey on.
  • Add a rattlesnake proof fence around your yard
  • Keep any vegetation from growing up or over the fence as snakes can use it as a way over the fence.
  • Check under your house and around the perimeter to close any gaps or holes where a rattlesnake could hide.
  • Fill in or block any holes or gaps were a snake can hide or slip through the fence or under your house.


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How to rattlesnake proof a backyard

With a drier and hotter start to summer this year, more snakes are following their prey into areas that are irrigated and provide good cover and food. Unfortunately, this describes many people’s yards, and for a lot of people, the sight of a snake strikes fear. To further the problem, many companies take advantage of people’s fear of snakes by selling products or services that are ineffective, and in some cases, may increase the danger to people and pets.

Most people’s fear of snakes stems from the worry that they are venomous. Most won’t want to be close enough to tell, but venomous snakes have a pupil that resembles a cat’s. It has an oblong shape with peaked ends that look like a slit in the center of the eye. Non-venomous snakes usually have round pupils. The snakes most people are likely to see in their yards will be non-venomous, such as the garter or gopher snake.

If you encounter a snake in or around your home, keep calm and follow these tips.

Mow grass often and keep it fairly short. Snakes are less likely to reside and move through short grass because it increases their exposure to predators such as owls and hawks. Shorter grass also makes snakes easier to spot.

Avoid over watering your lawn. Too much landscape water may attract prey species such as worms, slugs and frogs, which in turn may attract snakes seeking a meal.

Keep trees and shrubs trimmed and away from your home and garage, and keep branches off the ground. Creating a 24-to-36-inch space under trees and shrubs will help keep snakes away and will make it easier to spot them if they do slither in.

If you feed birds, keep the feeder away from the house or consider not feeding them. Birds are messy eaters and often leave seed scattered below the feeder. Seed on the ground attracts rodents, which may also attract snakes seeking a meal. Store bird seed in a metal can with a tight-fitting lid.

Feed pets inside. Feeding them outside can attract insects and rodents which, again, attract snakes. If feeding outside is necessary, be sure to clean up uneaten food promptly. Store pet food in a metal can with a tight-fitting lid.

Store firewood, excess lumber and other types of debris away from your home. These provide prefect places for snakes to hide.

Think before you landscape. Avoid using mulch and large rocks in your landscape, as they attract snakes and their prey and can create breeding and overwintering habitat. Instead, use smaller, tight-fitting rock such as gravel or river rock. Also avoid landscaping with water gardens and Koi ponds.

Seal cracks and crevices on sidewalks and foundations, and consider getting an energy audit. These can be a great way to identify places that allow air conditioning and heat to escape the home. These same cracks and crevices may be used as an entry point by snakes and other small creatures.

When all else fails, consider fencing. Use 1/4 inch or smaller rigid mesh or solid sheeting and bury it a few inches into the ground. Include a bend at the top to prevent snakes from climbing up and over.

Do not use snake repellents or sulfur, as they are ineffective. Do not use mothballs because the active ingredient is naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene – chemicals that are toxic to insects and mammals, but are not effective against snakes. Using mothballs outside your home also violates product labels and puts your family and pets at risk. Do not use sticky traps outside. Traps placed outside capture all sorts of non-target animals and result in a slow, agonizing death.

If you have issues with snakes in your chicken coop, avoid using ceramic eggs or golf balls. Snakes that eat these artificial eggs die a slow and painful death over many weeks, and new snakes will show up to take their place. Instead, focus on improving your coop to prevent snakes from entering and follow the deterrents recommended above. If using ceramic or other artificial eggs to encourage a brooding hen to lay, glue them down to prevent snakes from eating them.

Do not bring out the guns, shovels or other weapons. Discharging a firearm toward the ground can result in bullet ricochet. If needing to get a snake to move on, use a water hose to spray the snake, which will encourage it to find a new place to take up residence.

Answer by: Terry Messmer, Utah State University Extension wildlife specialist, 435-797-3975

How to Rattlesnake Proof a Backyard: 13 Steps (with Pictures)

How To Build A Snake, & Rodent Proof Fence Using Snake Mesh

Congratulations, you’ve decided where your snake fence will go and you’ve chosen the right snake mesh from Protective Fencing. But a good snake proof fence is not just about using the right materials; you also need to follow some sound fence design principles.

How to Rattlesnake Proof a Backyard

In dry regions worldwide, rattlesnakes may make their way into your backyard. To make your yard a poor rattlesnake habitat, try removing debris, mowing grasses and weeds, and getting rid of any rodents that live in your yard. The best and.

How to Rattlesnake Proof a Backyard

In dry regions worldwide, rattlesnakes may make their way into your backyard. To make your yard a poor rattlesnake habitat, try removing debris, mowing grasses and weeds, and getting rid of any rodents that live in your yard. The best and.

Best way I’ve found yet to deal with snake problems!!

I already had two of these very common minnow traps at home but I stumbled on to one at walmart that was cheap and thought “I bet that would work!” I.

How to Rattlesnake Proof a Backyard

In dry regions worldwide, rattlesnakes may make their way into your backyard. To make your yard a poor rattlesnake habitat, try removing debris, mowing grasses and weeds, and getting rid of any rodents that live in your yard. The best and.

How to Get Rid of Snakes

Snakes are common in many parts of the world, and if you have a big yard that’s home to a variety of plants and insects, chances are you encounter them from time to time. The presence of snakes indicates an ecosystem is healthy, but having.

9 Plants That Repel Snakes

Are you terrified of snakes? Are you looking for plants that repel snakes? This is a list of the top 9 plants that are said to repel those.

This DIY Trap Can Help Rid Snakes From Yards

I love summer because it means getting to spend lots of time outdoors, especially in my backyard. However, I live in the South and apparently, the snakes feel the same way not only about enjoying summer, but about spending it in my yard. Sorry, but I would prefer not to share my yard with those critters and they just terrify me, even the nonpoisonous garden variety of snakes. Last summer, a huge King snake curled up in one of my flower pots and my grandson was out in the yard right next to it when he discovered him. I ran

How to buy a gun in canada

Businesses, including auctioneers that sell firearms, need to have a firearms licence for businesses valid for all types of firearms (non-restricted, restricted, or prohibited) they sell.

If you are an executor of an estate with firearms, or an heir of a firearm, please see the Executors and heirs page.

Three ways to transfer a firearm

  1. Telephone
    • Non-restricted
      You do not need to register non-restricted firearms. That means you can transfer a non-restricted firearm without contacting the Canadian Firearms Program (CFP). However, the transferor (seller, giver) must make sure that the transferee (buyer, recipient) has a valid PAL. Call the CFP at 1-800-731-4000 to confirm the validity of the transferee’s licence before you transfer the firearm.
    • Restricted and Prohibited
      The CFP must speak with both the transferor and the transferee for restricted and prohibited firearms. However, both parties do not need to be available at the same time. Follow the steps below.
      1. Make sure the firearm is verified.
      2. Call the CFP with the following information:
        • If you are an individual transferor you will need to provide your full name, address and firearms licence number, and the transferee’s full name and PAL number
        • If you are a business transferor you will need to provide your business licence and identification number, and the transferee’s full name, address and PAL number
        • If you are an individual transferee you will need to provide your PAL number, full name and address, and the transferor’s full name and firearms licence number
        • If you are a business transferee you will need to provide your business licence and identification number, and the transferor’s full name, address and firearms licence number
        • If you initiate the transfer you will need to provide the registration certificate number and confirm the firearm information (make, model, serial number, firearms identification number (FIN), etc.)
      3. When you call the CFP, you will get a reference number. Make sure both the transferor and the transferee have that reference number.
      4. The CFO for the jurisdiction receives the request and will review the transfer to make sure that the transferee is acquiring the restricted firearm or prohibited handgun for one of the permitted purposes (Firearms Act, Section 28).
      5. The transferor will need to get an Authorization to Transport (ATT) to transport the restricted firearm to its new location. There is no fee for an ATT. Call the CFP at 1-800-731-4000 or submit form RCMP 5490.
      6. Both the transferor and the transferee will receive a confirmation notice to let them know the transfer is complete. After a transfer is approved the new registration certificate will be mailed to the new owner within a few weeks.

      The business initiates the transfer, identifies either the transferee or transferor, and obtains the required information in order to complete the transfer.

      A business can use this service to transfer restricted or prohibited firearms if:

      • a business buys from, or sells to, an adult who is 18 or older who has a valid PAL for that class of firearm
      • a business buys from, or sells to, another business or museum
      • a business sells to a public service agency

      Use form RCMP 5492 for restricted and prohibited firearms. Both the transferor and the transferee must complete the form. Call the CFP at 1-800-731-4000 to get a form.

      If you have the following types of firearms, you have them illegally:

      • restricted or prohibited firearms that have not yet been registered
      • any restricted or prohibited firearms that were registered under the former law, but not re-registered under the Firearms Act

      To reduce the risk of penalties, please register these firearms immediately or dispose of them lawfully.

      Do not take firearms into your local police detachment for disposal. Contact your local police department or detachment to arrange for pick up or delivery of any firearms.

      Many Americans can buy a gun in less than an hour. In some countries, the process takes months. Here are the basic steps for how most people buy a gun in 16 of them. Many countries have exceptions for specialized professions, and local laws vary.

      Reporting was contributed by Charlotte Graham-McLay from Christchurch, New Zealand; Damien Cave from Sydney, Australia; Isabel Kershner from Jerusalem; Iliana Magra from London; Oleg Matsnev from Moscow; Norimitsu Onishi from Johannesburg; Sergio Peçanha from New York; Suhasini Raj from New Delhi; Austin Ramzy from Hong Kong; Christopher F. Schuetze from Berlin; and Hisako Ueno from Tokyo.

      Sources:; Law Library of Congress; Hans-Jörg Albrecht, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and Inter­national Criminal Law; Farea Al-Muslimi, Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies; Philip Alpers, University of Sydney; Adam Baron, Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies; Blake Brown, Saint Mary’s University; Wendy Cukier, Coalition for Gun Control; Laura Cutilletta, Giffords Law Center; Nils Duquet, Flemish Peace Institute; Octavio Rodríguez Ferreira, University of San Diego; José Manuel Heredia, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas; Nestor Kapusta, Medical University of Vienna; Adèle Kirsten, Gun Free South Africa; Daniel König, Medical University of Vienna; Jooyoung Lee, University of Toronto; Ivan Marques, Instituto Sou da Paz; Rela Mazali, Gun Free Kitchen Tables; Samara McPhedran, Griffith University; Binalakshmi Nepram, Control Arms Foundation of India; Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Medical University of Vienna; Rebecca Peters, International Action Network on Small Arms; Sandhya Ramesh; David Shirk, University of San Diego; A.J. Somerset; and Peter Squires, University of Brighton.

      An earlier version of this article included an incorrect requirement for gun purchases in Japan. Residents are not required to join a hunting or shooting club in order to buy a gun.

      How to buy a gun in canada

      Canadians tend to believe that their government tightly legislates the buying and selling of firearms. Everyone needs a Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL) to purchase a gun — whether it’s classified as restricted or non-restricted — and a would-be gun buyer needs that licence at the point of sale, both in-person and online.

      That’s all true, in theory. The system works fairly well when you are dealing with guns bought and sold at licensed businesses. It breaks down, however, when it comes to private deals.

      When a private owner buys, sells or trades a non-restricted firearm to another private citizen, there is no legal requirement for a seller to verify a buyer’s gun licence. Things get especially murky when it comes to online sales: guns can be transferred between buyers and sellers on opposite sides of the country, and a seller simply has the option to verify a buyer’s licence if he or she suspects wrongdoing.

      This is the case even when it comes to non-restricted firearms that are considered by some to be functionally equivalent to the AR-15 — the semi-automatic rifle used in several mass shootings stateside that is classified as restricted in Canada. Some examples include the Swiss Arms 556, the H&K SL8 and the Robinson XCR.

      While authorities have not specified the type of gun used by Matthew Vincent Raymond to allegedly kill two civilians and two officers in Fredericton on Aug. 10, they have confirmed that it was classified as non-restricted.

      Buying non-restricted guns online

      Private sellers take great pains to verify every buyer for fear of legal repercussions, according to one lifelong gun enthusiast.

      “The gun community in Canada is extremely self-policing,” Andre Perreault of Lethbridge, Alta. told HuffPost Canada by phone. “We’re extra careful about following the rules because when a PAL holder commits a crime, politicians use that to implement even tighter restrictions on law-abiding gun owners. So, by and large, we’re a self-regulating community.”

      Perreault is the founder and owner of, an online forum for private citizens to buy, sell and trade firearms. He started the website four years ago as a way to conveniently sell guns from the comfort of his home.

      How to buy a gun in canada

      While popular online marketplaces like Facebook, Craigslist and Kijiji have banned the advertisement and sale of firearms, privately owned websites can still facilitate transactions between individuals.

      Restricted firearms, like non-prohibited handguns and some semi-automatic rifles, are registered to each individual owner. Ownership transfers can take days, sometimes weeks, to approve. But the majority of firearms available to buy on are non-restricted, according to Perreault.

      Here’s what the RCMP website says about those types of guns: “Transfers of non-restricted firearms can be conducted without contacting the CFP [Canadian Firearms Program], as registration is no longer required for this class of firearm. The transferor may verify that the transferee has a valid PAL by calling the CFP toll-free number (1-800-731-4000) before making a sale.”

      “May” is the operative word: a seller may call the RCMP to verify that a PAL card is authentic, not flagged for any suspicious activity or reported as stolen. That means that while you must have a licence, you are not required to show it.

      Too much ‘wiggle room’: gun control advocates

      Some advocates for tighter gun legislation argue that the arrangement allows sellers too much “wiggle room.”

      “I think that the optional verification is a legal loophole in Canada’s gun control system,” Jooyoung Lee, a professor of sociology of the University of Toronto who writes about guns and trauma, told HuffPost Canada.

      “This program puts the onus of responsibility on gun sellers — who, by and large, care deeply about gun safety and ensuring that the potential buyer of a firearm is and will be a lawful possessor of a PAL. But the fact that this is not compulsory leaves . space for a seller to not follow through on the buyer’s qualifications.”

      I think that the optional verification is a legal loophole in Canada’s gun control system. Jooyoung Lee, sociology professor

      Perreault’s safety tips help members protect themselves when buying and selling guns online. Advice includes reading a user’s reviews, assessing a user’s knowledge of Canadian firearm policies (improperly classifying various guns “should raise warning signs”) and sending a friend to inspect the gun if you don’t live in the seller’s area.

      “If they refuse that offer, they are 99% likely to be a scammer,” the site reads.

      He also advises that buyers only send key information — “name as appears on the card, PAL number and expiry date” — to sellers for verification instead of screenshots of the card, which can leave buyers vulnerable to fraud.

      System not designed to flag suspicious activity

      Perreault’s tips primarily ensure that fraudulent sellers don’t scam buyers out of their money. “The likelihood of PALS being stolen for the purpose of buying firearms is not a thing,” he said.

      But in 2015, Calgary police warned people trying to purchase a firearm online to be aware of fraud sellers trying to obtain PAL numbers.

      In those cases, the buyers’ e-transfers were successfully halted before reaching the fraudulent sellers, but the scammers had already obtained PAL numbers. At that point, the police encouraged buyers who suspected their licence number had been compromised to report it.

      But PALs don’t work like credit cards: the system isn’t designed to flag suspicious activity. There are no caps on the number of firearms you can buy and no mandatory tracking of where or when a non-restricted gun was purchased. A holder must first notice their licence number has been compromised and then take it upon himself to report it.

      “The government doesn’t restrict how you share your PAL,” Perreault said. “The way to know yours had been compromised would be that you sent a PAL to a seller and you never got a gun.”

      How to buy a gun in canada

      Hundreds of hunters are failing to declare their firearms when they enter Canada. They are getting arrested and fined, and the U.S. Department of State wants to help.

      Geoff Martineau works at the Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Office of American Citizen Services. “We help U.S. citizens traveling abroad avoid problems,” he said. “In Canada, we’re looking at an estimated 200 to 300 U.S. citizens each year who run into trouble for failing to declare their firearms. Vancouver is the single largest port of entry where this occurs, and it’s a good possibility many of these travelers are headed to Alaska.”

      Martineau mentioned that it’s common to see U.S. citizens, en route to Alaska for some hunting, stopped at the border as they try to transit with firearms that are presumably rifles and shotguns.

      It’s difficult to get a handle on exact figures as most of the detentions aren’t reported, he said, but it seems most pay a large fine and are turned around at the border. He’s heard some go through lengthy court proceedings, have their cars impounded and their firearms confiscated.

      When crossing the border into Canada, hunters must declare all firearms in their possession. Declared rifles and shotguns may be carried through Canada while in transit to Alaska. Certain types of handguns are not permitted in Canada under any circumstances. Other handguns may be carried into Canada under certain circumstances.

      Declaring firearms involves filling out some paperwork, specifically Form 5589, the Non-Resident Firearm Declaration form. There is a $25 fee, payable in Canadian funds or with a credit card. The form is available at the border, or can be downloaded in advance from the Canadian Firearms Centre website (more details on that are offered at the end of the article). The form must be presented in triplicate and signed in front of a CBSA officer at the border (it is not possible to make photocopies at the border, so it will save time and effort to do some of the work in advance. Just be sure to wait until the border to sign in front of a customs officer).

      According to the Canadian Firearms Centre, completing the paperwork also allows you to bring in ammunition for that firearm for personal use.

      Martineau said that regarding ammunition, there have been many cases worldwide where American travelers arrive at a foreign destination with a single bullet somewhere in their luggage that they didn’t realize was there, and they get into trouble. He advised: Don’t use the same luggage for hunting as you do for other international travel.

      Canadian law requires that officials confiscate any firearms, ammunition, and other weapons from persons crossing the border who deny having the items in their possession. Confiscated firearms, ammunition, and weapons are not returned. Possession of an undeclared firearm may result in arrest and imprisonment. Travelers are strongly advised to inspect all belongings thoroughly prior to travel to Canada to avoid the accidental import of firearms or ammunition.

      Canada has three classes of firearms: non-restricted, restricted, and prohibited.

      How to buy a gun in canada

      Non-restricted firearms include most ordinary hunting rifles and shotguns. These may be brought temporarily into Canada for sporting or hunting use during hunting season, use in competitions, in-transit movement through Canada, or personal protection against wildlife in remote areas of Canada. Anyone wishing to bring hunting rifles into Canada must be at least 18 years old; properly store the firearm for transport; and follow the declaration requirements.

      Restricted firearms are primarily handguns. While they are not firearms, pepper spray, mace, and some knives also are included in this category. A restricted firearm may be brought into Canada, but an Authorization to Transport permit must be obtained in advance from a Provincial or Territorial Chief Firearms Officer. The permit allows a handgun to be in transit, for example to Alaska, but a permit would not be issued to someone simply vacationing in Canada.

      Prohibited firearms include fully automatic, converted automatics and certain military style weapons, including weapons designed for civilian use. A full list of prohibited weapons is available on the Canadian Firearms Centre website. Prohibited firearms are not allowed into Canada. Handguns with a barrel length of less than 105 mm, about 4 1/8 inches, are completely prohibited, and .25 and .32 caliber handguns are prohibited.

      The best source for more information on carrying firearms into or through Canada the Royal Canadian Mounted Police website, or a call to the Canada Firearms Center at 1-800-731-4000; request Extension #9026 if you will be entering Canada at the Alberta border and Extension #9530 if entering from British Columbia.

      U.S. citizens may find it helpful to register firearms with U.S. Customs before traveling through Canada in order to prove ownership.

      Martineau said the Department of State gives detailed information for American travelers, covering safety, health, and legal issues worldwide, and specifically target certain at risk travelers. The website is here.

      The State Department’s website offers some information on Canada specifically.

      The Alaska Department of Fish and Game website offers some information about firearms in Alaska and traveling in Canada with guns.

How to get rid of side fat

How to get rid of side fat

Side fat always seems to overstay it’s welcome. Even dedicated fitness enthusiasts have a tricky time shedding those extra pounds around their sides! Oftentimes, ab exercises and routines fail to deliver the proper technique and pace instruction to help you eliminate this common problem area. Strategically designed to target this area and tone and tighten your sides, these 5 foolproof moves to get rid of side fat offer the expert guidance you need to wave buh-bye to those pesky love handles once and for all!

Your oblique muscles lay underneath that undesired layer of fat on your sides. In this routine, these 5 moves concentrate on your obliques, strengthening this muscle while burning fat. You might have tried targeting this area in the past, engaging in exercises like the standing side crunch or side v-ups. These movements certainly succeed in building muscle, but their slow-paced activity lacks cardio, and fails to give you that calorie burn you need to both tone and shed excess weight.

In order to burn through the fat and help accent your natural curves, the obliques are best developed by moves involving twisting or reaching across the body at a fast rate. Truth is, we can’t decide where our body burns fat, but by using isolated exercises, you help develop the area and build muscle that can help get you results. This routine offers you a fast paced, oblique-focused workout that we guarantee will build muscle and torch unwanted fat. And the best part? These moves call for zero equipment whatsoever, meaning you can perform this fabulous workout anytime, anywhere. Let’s get started!

5 Best Moves to Get Rid of Side Fat

How to get rid of side fat

What you need: yoga mat or soft surface and an interval timer (free interval apps are available on your phone)

What to do: Perform the workout designated for your fitness level below.

Beginner Workout: Perform each exercise for 30 seconds with a 10 second rest in between. Perform 3 sets, resting 30 seconds between each.

Intermediate Workout: Perform each exercise for 30 seconds with no rest in between. Perform 4 sets, resting 30 seconds between each.

Advanced Workout: Perform each exercise for 45 seconds with no rest in between. Perform 5 sets, resting 45 seconds between each.

Perform this workout three times a week to see the best results!


1. Alternating Toe Touch
2. Side Plank
3. Crossover Running Plank
4. Bicycle
5. Hip Dip Planks

Instructional Videos

Alternating Toe Touch

Side Plank

Crossover Running Plank


Hip Dip Planks

Exercise is never enough, especially when it comes to trying to get ride of side fat. Combine this workout with these flat belly tips and recipes:

  • 7 Tiny Changes to Help You Get a Flat Belly
  • Eat Your Way to Flatter Abs- 17 Flat Belly Foods
  • 21-Day Flat Belly Meal Plan

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Trainer Clifford

Clifford is a NASM Certified Personal Trainer and a lover of all things health, fitness, personal development, and community. When he’s not cycling, hiking, or exploring new food recipes, he works to help others achieve personal growth.

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Spot fat reduction doesn’t work, but these exercises can help you tone your sides.

Increasing muscle definition in your sides will take more than some side crunches, but it’s doable.

Javier Sánchez Mingorance/EyeEm/Getty Images

“Love handles” is a common name that refers to the body fat that lies on top of the hips. Despite their simple nature — it’s just subcutaneous fat above the hips — love handles seem to have garnered a collective hatred. Many people dislike love handles and aim to get rid of them to increase muscle definition on their belly and sides.

People want them gone, whether their motivator is intrinsic or extrinsic. Most people approach this goal the wrong way, however, because they believe they can directly target the body fat on their sides. Weight loss unfortunately doesn’t work that way , but you can still lose love handles with these tips and exercises.

What love handles really are

Let’s start with a little bit of anatomy. What you call love handles is the body fat on top of your obliques, the core muscles that run from your ribs to your hips. Many people struggle to lose the body fat that lies atop their obliques and get frustrated when it bulges over their waistband.

The easiest solution is to go up a pants size, to be honest. But if you want to get rid of love handles for health reasons, such as reducing your risk of heart disease , or simply to feel more confident in your body, you definitely can — just not with side crunches, like many people believe.

Body fat that bulges over the waistband on pants is commonly called “love handles.”

Nicole Lienemann/EyeEm/Getty Images

As a reminder, spot reduction doesn’t work

Look, no matter how many side crunches you do , you won’t get rid of love handles without a consistent calorie deficit. Losing body fat is a numbers game — a simple game of calories in, calories out . Any health professional will argue that the source and quality of your calories does matter, but in the end, a calorie deficit is a calorie deficit. And a surplus is a surplus.

If you’re in a calorie surplus or even at maintenance, you won’t lose fat on your sides or anywhere else. A surplus will make you gain more over time, and maintenance calories will keep you exactly where you’re at.

To lose body fat, try sticking to a well-rounded workout plan that includes strength-training exercises as well as cardiovascular exercise . While strict diets aren’t necessary for weight loss, losing weight does require some level of attention to your eating pattern. Knowing roughly how many calories you eat and burn each day is essential to changing your body composition .

Our Health & Wellness newsletter puts the best products, updates and advice in your inbox.

Best exercises for the obliques

All of the above said, you can strengthen your obliques to create a more chiseled look. Core strengthening exercises lead to muscle growth in your midsection, and a calorie deficit will help you lose subcutaneous body fat (the fat beneath your skin), revealing the hard-earned muscles underneath.

You’ll notice many of these exercises are compound movements rather than core isolation exercises. This is because compound movements (exercises that engage more than one joint or muscle group) engage more muscle fibers and burn more calories than single-joint or isolation exercises.

Side planks

If you thought regular planks were tough, wait until you try a side plank. This isometric core exercise challenges your entire midsection with a focus on your obliques. Your arms, shoulders and upper back also work to stabilize your body.

Try this: Do three sets of a 10-second side plank on each side. Each week, increase the time by five seconds until you can get to a minute on each side.

Farmer’s carry

Deceptively simple, the farmer’s carry ignites a burn in your arms, back and core. It’s great practice for bringing all the groceries inside in one trip.

Try this: Use two kettlebells or dumbbells that are challenging, but not impossible, for you to hold for 30 seconds. Carry the weights for 30 seconds and then rest 30 seconds. Repeat two more times. For an extra oblique challenge, try a single-arm farmer’s carry and focus on keeping your torso aligned.

Dead hang

The dead hang activates your latissimus dorsi (“lats,” aka the muscles you use during pull-ups ), which is not an oblique muscle, but is a part of your core and affects the way your midsection looks and functions.

Try this: Hang from a bar for three sets of 10 seconds. Over time, work your way up to 30-second sets. To engage your abs more, tuck your knees up to your chest or as high as you can.

Mountain climbers

A classic core move , mountain climbers activate your obliques along with all of your other core muscles. The key is to perform your reps slowly, rather than in a high-intensity interval training fashion. Slow reps are more conducive to strength while fast reps are more conducive to cardio.

Try this: Perform three to five sets of 10 to 20 mountain climbers. Practice bringing your knee all the way to your elbow. Rest as needed in between sets.

Seated sit-ups with a press

Up for a serious core challenge? You need to add sit-ups with a press to your routine. Any type of sit-up engages the core, but loading one arm with weight and pressing it above your head during the sit-up presents a unique challenge. This movement forces your obliques to work extra hard at keeping your torso aligned, lest your lower back suffer.

Try this: Using a kettlebell or dumbbell that’s challenging but not too heavy, perform three sets of 10 reps, switching the weight to the other arm after five reps.

Single-arm overhead press

In the same fashion as the single-arm squats above, single-arm overhead presses force your obliques to activate more than usual due to the offset weight.

Try this: Do three sets of 10 reps, switching arms after five reps. Take care to choose a weight that’s challenging, but that you’re able to press up without arching your back.

More workout advice

  • Do these workouts if you want to lose weight
  • Which type of exercise burns the most calories?
  • This is how many calories you should burn during your workouts
  • The best butt and leg exercises, according to a fitness trainer
  • How to create an exercise routine you’ll actually stick to

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

How to get rid of side fat

For some guys, there’s no greater goal than achieving an aesthetic ideal and building a body that wouldn’t be out of place on the pedestal of a Grecian statue (or at least on the cover of a cheap romance novel). There are plenty of challenges to accomplishing this goal, and love handles are one of the peskiest hurdles on the path to achieving that type of physique. The stubborn region of fat just above the belt can be obstinate, and it takes more than just a few crunches and leg lifts to get rid of it.

Love handles are composed of subcutaneous fat, which sits just beneath the skin. In one sense, that’s good news. That type of fat isn’t an immediate problem, outside of your cosmetic concerns and general health. You don’t have as much to be worried about subcutaneous fat as the insidious visceral fat in your belly, which can cause all kinds of health issues. But if you’re determined to lose those nagging love handles, you do have options.

There are a few shortcuts you can take to get rid of love handles, but they’re extreme, and not something that we’d generally recommend. Liposuction is one of these options. More recently, men have turned to non-invasive treatments, the most popular of which feature either freezing or heating the stubborn fatty areas off the body. These treatments are expensive and might be a bridge too far unless you’re really desperate.

How to get rid of side fat

Besides, by cutting corners, you’ll miss out on the fitness gains you’d make along the way using other methods, which will hopefully become a reason your training in and of itself. If getting rid of love handles without special treatments is your goal, you’ll have to work hard—but you’ll have to work smart, too.

One method that is not smart and won’t work is spot reduction. The theory is that if you focus all of your attention on one specific area in your training (for instance, doing hundreds of crunches for you midsection), you’ll be able to burn off the fat in just that area. But that’s not how your body works. What you can do is lose fat more generally, then build up muscle where you might not have had it before—but for that to work, you’ll have to do that smart, hard work.

Here’s a plan to ditch your stubborn love handles from former Men’s Health fitness advisor Craig Ballantyne, C.S.C.S.

Find the Right Intervals for Exercise

Studies have shown that interval-based exercise programs, most specifically high intensity interval training (HIIT), are more effective for burning off your love handles than steady state cardio. Instead of running for miles on end without any clear goal, fine tune your work and rest periods to strip away the fat.

So what type of interval program should you use? You can use a jump rope, or apply the principles to running or weight room work. Ballantyne recommends this setup to banish that pesky midsection fat:

After a thorough warmup, alternate between 20 seconds of hard exercise and 40 seconds recovery. Repeat that pattern 6 to 8 times. Afterwards, finish with 5 to 10 minutes of cooldown exercise.

If you have extra time, do 10 minutes of regular cardio pace.

Don’t Overload on Cardio

How to get rid of side fat

Even though Ballantyne recommended cardio for a cool down, he’s wary of its effectiveness when performed alone. Extended periods of steady state cardio, like jogging, won’t do much to cut down your spare tire. “It’s not going to work as well as interval training,” Ballantyne said.

This is related to another issue, according to Ballantyne: Many guys don’t have enough muscle in the first place. Losing love handles, like bodybuilding, is a game of illusion. Muscle on your chest and back can essentially “hide” excess fat in your love handle area.

“So most guys are “skinny-fat,” and then try to lose love handles with cardio only, and basically become even smaller versions of themselves—but still skinny-fat,” Ballantyne said. “It’s better to use intervals and weight training to gain muscle and lose fat at the same time—which IS possible—and change your body’s overall appearance.”

Rethink Your Core Training Routine

“Ab exercises like crunches are generally a waste of time,” Ballantyne said. The problem is, you’re only working the muscles around your lower spine with crunches and situps.

Instead, you should build up your core with moves that focus on spinal stability, like planks and hollow body holds. Check out this quick video about the way your core muscles function for an idea of what you should be aiming for:

Want a smarter core workout in general? Check out Epic Abs, the program from MH fitness director Ebenezer Samuel, C.S.C.S. that inspired this video.

Build Yourself Up While Slimming Down

While you’re cutting down your midsection, do yourself a solid and work on some other areas of your body that can take attention away from your ample hips. Build up your pecs, lats, deltoids, and traps to create the illusion of smaller love handles.

“Most guys don’t have enough muscle to focus on just losing weight,” Ballantyne said, “so every guy must build some muscle in these areas.”

How can you build the muscle and lose fat at the same time? You’re hoping to “culk,” so you should start by training hard, eating properly, and sticking to a consistent program.

Ballantyne also recommended a plan based around two to three total body workouts per week. Use five exercises per workout (one lower body, one upper push, one lower body single leg, one upper pulling, one total body ab exercise). Do that as a circuit three times through, with eight to 12 reps per exercise. Finish with interval training.

Get Out What You Put In

How to get rid of side fat

If you want advanced results, you have to do advanced things,” said Ballantyne. “Such as cutting all the processed carbohydrates from your diet. One cheat reward meal per week—that’s cheat MEAL, not cheat DAY.”

Replace breakfast cereals and grain carbs with fruits, vegetables, and nuts. “Losing your love handles isn’t going to happen if you insist on treating yourself to a Frappuccino, Pepsi, and a slice of pizza every day,” he said. “It means eating meals of lean protein, fiber-rich vegetables, and snacking on apples and nuts between meals.”

“It’s diet. It’s just too easy for most guys to cheat, Ballantyne said. “They have to realize that they have to have more discipline if they want results.”

How to get rid of side fat

Love handles refer to excess fat on the sides of the waist. This fat often hangs over the sides of pants and due to its appearance is also called a “spare tire” or “muffin top.” This area is a common concern for people who want to slim down.

What Is the Best Exercise to Get Rid of Love Handles?

Unfortunately, exercise alone will not get rid of love handles. Studies have shown that abdominal resistance training does not reduce belly fat or slim the waistline more than diet alone.

Diet plus exercise works best to reduce love handles. It is possible to tighten the core muscles in the lower abdomen, and when combined with diet, the mid-section can appear more toned.

To lose your love handles, you need to lose fat all over the body. The best exercise regimen for fat loss includes both aerobic and strength exercises (resistance training). High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE), is a type of cardiovascular exercise that alternates between short bouts of high-intensity and low-intensity exercise. HIIT usually alternates between slower to moderate-intensity and high-intensity movements. The Obesity Reviews Journal reviewed 13 different studies on overweight adults and found that HIIT reduced weight and waist circumference.

Specific exercises that can help tone and tighten the mid-section include:

  • Abdominal scissors
    • Lay on your back with hands at your sides or under your glutes for back support
    • Extend legs straight, then cross the legs over each other, alternating the leg that crosses on top; or alternate legs going straight up and down
    • Don’t let the legs drop to the floor
    • Make sure your core is engaged and your lower back is pressed onto the floor
    • Lay down on your belly and prop yourself forearms and toes, head facing the floor
    • Engage the abdominal muscles and keep the body in a straight line
    • Hold position for a few seconds and return to the floor
    • Start in a plank position
    • Bring the right knee up and across the body, past the stomach to the left elbow, keeping the back and arms straight and core engaged
    • Return to a plank position and repeat on the other side
    • Lie down on the right side and prop the body up using the right elbow and hand, with the left foot stacked on top of the right foot
    • Raise your hips and buttocks towards the ceiling
    • Hold position for a few seconds and return to the floor
    • Repeat the on the other side
    • Begin in a seated position with knees bent, feet hip-width apart
    • Lean the upper body backwards to a 45-degree angle, keeping the back straight
    • Engage the core and twist the upper body to the left and place hands on the floor, then twist to the right and place the hands on the floor
    • Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and raise both arms above the head on the left-hand side
    • Bring hands down toward the floor on the right-hand side of the body as you perform a squat while twisting the mid-section and hips
    • Perform several times and repeat on the other side

    How to get rid of side fat


    What Diets Work to Get Rid of Love Handles?

    Just as there is no specific exercise to get rid of love handles, there is no way to quickly reduce love handles with diet. Fad diets may help you drop pounds quickly and maybe even inches off your waistline, but most of that will likely be water weight and it will be temporary. Losing love handles comes down to old fashioned diet and exercise, which are key factors in determining how much fat is in our bodies.

How to clean gilded picture frames

How to clean gilded picture frames

Gilt picture frames, available in a variety of sizes and styles, contain a decorative border and ridges that catch dust, dirt and debris. The frames require regular cleaning to keep the frame’s gold finish from changing colours and grime collecting in the ridges. When cleaning your gilt picture frames, you want to use a chemical that won’t damage the finish or soak into the frames’ backing. Like other frames, you need to clean your gilt picture frame’s glass as well to remove any fingerprints and debris from the surface.

  • Gilt picture frames, available in a variety of sizes and styles, contain a decorative border and ridges that catch dust, dirt and debris.
  • When cleaning your gilt picture frames, you want to use a chemical that won’t damage the finish or soak into the frames’ backing.

Place the gilt picture frame on a flat surface—desk, table, workbench or other surface.

Wipe the frame with an non-abrasive cloth or rag to remove any loose dust and dirt from the frame’s surface. Wear latex gloves to keep your hands clean.

Spray 1 tbsp of window cleaner on a paper towel. Wipe the frame’s glass with the window cleaner-soaked paper towel.

Apply 1 tbsp of turpentine to a sponge. The sponge should be damp and not soaking with turpentine.

Wipe the gilt frame gently with the turpentine-soaked sponge including the sides of the frame and the back. Let the frame air dry—do not wipe the frame dry, as this may smear the frame’s paint.

  • Spray 1 tbsp of window cleaner on a paper towel.
  • Wipe the gilt frame gently with the turpentine-soaked sponge including the sides of the frame and the back.

Use a small paint brush and gold paint to touch up any faded paint on your gilt picture frame.

You can also use a mixture of three egg whites and 28.4gr. of baking soda to clean your gilt picture frames. Apply the mixture using a sponge then wipe off the dirt and grime with a paper towel. Let the picture frames air dry then use a small paint brush and gold paint to touch up any faded paint.

I spend quite a lot of time putting gunk onto frames. People look at me gobsmacked when I tell them I actually buy dust.

Some grime is part of the frame’s character, so try to avoid overcleaning. I wouldn’t go further than a flick over with a stiff brush and a polish with a duster. Preferably one that has been used previously to wax polish something and is nicely saturated.

** Das Pronto modeling clay is great for repairs. On ‘flying’ bits I sometimes fix in a wire armature for support and build around it.

*** The safest way to clean a painting is to get an experienced restorer to do it. There are lots of pet methods used by people and some of them work well on some paintings. But no two paintings are exactly alike and things can go bad very spectacularly.

“If in doubt, do nowt” as they say hereabouts.

Re: cleaning old gilded frames

Post by Dermot » Tue 01 Sep, 2009 9:51 pm

Gainsborough Products have the instructions below on how to clean old paintings on their website.

You may get some idea of what is involved in the task of cleaning paintings from this…..there is a little more involved than a bit of spit and polish…..

Lion stock some of the Gainsborough products.

Good luck with the project.

Re: cleaning old gilded frames

Post by prospero » Wed 02 Sep, 2009 12:31 am

Lion have a disclaimer printed in the catalogue for restoration materials.

I’ll say no more.

Re: cleaning old gilded frames

Post by framemaker » Wed 02 Sep, 2009 10:00 am

can you post a photo of the frame? and ideally also a closeup of the surface.

My belief is that cleaning paintings is best left too qualified restorers, sorry, but the possibilities for things going wrong are endless. You can’t compare cleaning frames and gilding with paintings but there are still various things to consider, and that can easily go wrong.

Re: cleaning old gilded frames

Post by framemaker » Sat 05 Sep, 2009 10:19 am

How are the frames going Mrs C? Your compo should be fine, it keeps well in the freezer, and it is easily the best material for replacing missing ornament.

A basic and easily available cleaner is Vulpex, which can be combined with water or white spirit. Working in very small areas at a time, brushing on and then lifting the vulpex and dirt with small cotton buds or swabs. But be aware that water doesn’t go together well with gesso or water gilding so you really need to be very careful when using any water based cleaning agent. You could also try ‘neutral soap’ (Swarfega), brush it on and then remove and neutralise with white spirit on cotton swabs. Goes without saying that you should test an inconspicous area first. I think another potential problem is that excessive white spirit will lift some oil gilding mordants, but this is just another example of problems that can be encountered. I believe that solutions of triammonium citrate (amongst others) are used by some museums/restorers but I have no experience of using these. If you want to be really old school, saliva has been used as a cleaning agent for ages (as mentioned by Dermot above).

When cleaning it is important to work carefully, slowly and in very small areas (1”) at a time. If you have not done much of this work before, be very cautious about working on a customers frame, and not use them to practice on. Things can easily go wrong, such as the removal of the gilding, weakening and delamination of the gesso.

This then leads on to another issue which is the stability of the gesso and compo ornament in the first place, the glues used to bind these will have weakened and dried out over time and need to be consolidated, often this will have to be done before any cleaning is carried out. You can use RSG (but be very careful of not making it too strong!), gelatin, PVA, fish glues or with experience you can’t beat the wonder adhesive paraloid B72.

How to clean gilded picture frames

Are you looking for ways to make your home look cleaner and feel more sanitary? Consider deep cleaning the objects adorning your home. Think about the artwork hanging on your walls. When was the last time your picture frames were given more than a swipe of a feather duster? How often do you properly clean each of your collectibles and figurines?

Dust and grime accumulation may be affecting your home’s aesthetic (and your health) more than you think.

To help you whip your artwork and collections into shape, we have compiled our very best cleaning tips. For many of these items, you’ll just need warm water, dish soap, and soft cloths to get your objects looking fresh and clean. Learn how to clean art, collectibles, picture frames, and glass from the professionals at Art Restoration Technologies.

How to Clean Picture Frames

When cleaning picture frames, it’s best to carefully remove the artwork and glazing (i.e. glass, acrylic or plexiglass) from the frame before cleaning. If the art cannot be easily removed from the frame (i.e. paper backing, board, etc.), you may want to contact your local art restoration professional. Removing the artwork prevents your cleaning solution from seeping into the paper or getting on the glass. The supplies and methods you use to clean a picture frame will depend on what the frame is made of.

Wood Frames
For smooth wood frames, a microfiber cloth and a little furniture polish will work. If the frame is porous or especially dirty, use a microfiber cloth and a solution of water and wood-cleaning product. Follow the directions on the bottle.

Plastic or Acrylic Frames
Plastic picture frames are hard, non-porous surfaces. A microfiber cloth and warm, soapy water will clean these kinds of frames quickly and effectively. The same method will also work on acrylic frames. Please note, never use paper towels to clean acrylic because this can permanently scratch the acrylic surface.

Silver Frames
It’s only a matter of time before your silver picture frames begin to tarnish. The safest cleaning option is to use silver polish and a soft cloth. If you don’t have any silver polish on hand, there’s an easy and effective home remedy you can try: Mix a few drops of dish soap with warm water and use a soft cloth to rub the soap solution all over the frame. Then wipe the frame clean with a clean, damp cloth, and buff it dry.

Brass Frames
Brass is a tough, corrosion-resistant metal. If your brass picture frames start looking dull, smudged or tarnished, acid is the answer. Mix equal parts salt, flour and white vinegar to create a paste. Spread the mixture all over the frame and let it sit for about an hour. Then just wipe the paste off with a damp cloth and buff it with a dry microfiber towel.

Gilded Frames
Gilded frames are fragile and valuable things of beauty. There are several different methods of gilding, and each one has its own cleaning requirements. Determining which kind of gilding is present requires painstaking analysis, and using the wrong products or tools on a gilded frame can cause extensive damage. That’s why we recommend having dirty gilded picture frames cleaned by a professional.

How to Clean Picture Frame Glass

If your picture frame has glazing that is real glass, it’s safe to clean the glass with your regular window cleaning product and a paper towel. However, if the glazing is made of acrylic or Plexiglass, do not use household window cleaning sprays or paper towels because these products will damage the surface. Instead, use a solution of warm water and dish soap with a clean, soft cloth. Rinse the glazing with fresh water and buff dry with a clean microfiber towel.

How to Clean Ceramic Figurines

To clean glazed or unglazed ceramics or porcelain figurines, dip a soft cloth into a warm water and dish soap solution. Use the soapy cloth to gently clean dirt from the figurine. Use fresh water and another clean cloth to wipe soap residue from the object. Lastly, buff it dry with a microfiber cloth. Don’t soak ceramics in water, and never use harsh chemicals like bleach to clean these items.

Do I Need to Sanitize My Frames or Collectibles?

You may be concerned about the possibility of germs accumulating on your household collectibles or wall hangings, and that is a valid worry. According to the Mayo Clinic, viruses tend to live longer on smooth surfaces like glass (5 days) or plastic (3 days) than porous surfaces like cardboard or fabric (1 day). The good news is that cleaning all those objects with soapy water will kill many viruses that may have been lingering on their surfaces. Plus, germ transfer is a bigger concern for objects people touch regularly, like light switches and doorknobs.

Specialized Cleaning Services You Can Trust

Your local Prism Specialties has art experts who clean art items of all kinds every day, including figurines, artwork and so much more. When you’re ready for an expert’s touch, call Prism Specialties at 800-227-0796, or complete our online Service Request form today and a member of our team will reach out to you to discuss your cleaning needs.

How to clean gilded picture frames

Gilt, or golden colored objects, can be beautiful and unique but also extremely fragile. They can last virtually forever or be damaged or destroyed in an instant. Totally impervious to light, chemicals, and time or wiped away with the briefest exposure to water. They are thoroughly understood by few and compromised by many.

Gilt objects are created by using various karats of gold leaf, metal leaf (primarily bronze), or various types of “gold” paint. They can be plated, water or oil gilded, and painted. Plating can be done using many methods from traditional ormoulu, using mercury and heat, to various electrically induced coatings. Water gilding uses water soluble animal based protein glues while oil gilding can be applied using everything from traditional primarily linseed oil based sizing to a variety of modern sizings that can consist of many different synthetic materials. “Gold” paint can be pigmented with easily tarnished bronze powder, non-tarnishing mica powders, or in extremely rare cases actual gold powder, that are mixed into virtually any type of clear coating.

I hope you are beginning to understand that gilt objects are not a homogenous or easily defined category. Not only are gilt objects made by using many different materials and methods, one object will often be gilt using a mix of more than one of these materials and methods interspersed and overlaid. On top of this, all of these different materials and methods are often damaged by completely different materials and type of exposures. Adding one more layer of complexity is that different gilt coatings will then be covered with a variety of protective clear coatings that can range from the now extremely rare traditional coating of water based animal protein glue sizing, to wax, to spirit varnishes such as shellac, to nitro-cellulose lacquers, to the extremely varied synthetic chemical based modern clear coatings.

Possible Damage Situations

  • Uncoated water gilded gold leaf will not tarnish and is impervious to most chemicals and ultra violet light exposure, but can be scratched by your fingernail and wiped away with one swipe of a water wet cloth.
  • A metal substrate oil gilded with gold leaf will be fairly stable under water exposure, but a gesso coated wood substrate oil gilded with gold leaf will not.
  • Uncoated bronze leaf and bronze pigmented paints can quickly begin to oxidize and tarnish and in the course of a fairly small amount of time go from a golden color to everything from dull brown to a fairly lurid green.
  • Water gilded gold leaf will often not be damaged by the most powerful and crude commercial paint stripper, while oil gilded gold leaf will be quickly damaged or completely destroyed.
  • About the only constant in gilt coatings is that due to their thinness they will be damaged by wear and friction.


These different materials and methods can also be used to achieve very similar looking finishes.

  • A 23kt gold leaf matte coating on gesso can be made to appear very much the same whether it was oil gilded or water gilded.
  • Bronze powder pigments and mica powder pigments can appear the same, especially when new.
  • When you see the patina of grime and exposure time can add, oil gilded bronze leaf coating can be very hard to differentiate from gold leaf coating.

All of this variety, susceptibility, and fragility means that I, as a professional gilder and gilding conservator, spend a great deal of time trying to repair gilt objects that have been improperly and poorly cleaned, stored, packed and transported. These various types of damage are caused by a variety of types of people from the object’s owners and cleaning staff, to very expensive and high profile moving companies, restorers, “artists”, and even other conservators.

How to eat healthily over the holidays

How to eat healthily over the holidays

‘Tis the season for family, festivity, and food—lots of food. Temptations are everywhere, and parties and travel disrupt daily routines. What’s more, it all goes on for weeks.

How do you stick to your diabetes meal plan when everyone around you seems to be splurging? Here are 5 tips that can help:

1. Holiday-Proof Your Plan

You may not be able to control what food you’re served, and you’re going to see other people eating tempting treats. Meet the challenges armed with a plan:

  • Eat close to your usual times to keep your blood sugar steady. If your meal is served later than normal, eat a small snack at your usual mealtime and eat a little less when dinner is served.
  • Invited to a party? Offer to bring a healthy dish along.
  • If you have a sweet treat, cut back on other carbs (like potatoes and bread) during the meal.
  • Don’t skip meals to save up for a feast. It will be harder to manage your blood sugar, and you’ll be really hungry and more likely to overeat.
  • If you slip up, get right back to healthy eating with your next meal.
  • Have pumpkin pie instead of pecan pie. Even with a dollop of whipped cream, you’ll cut calories and sugar by at least a third.
  • Break physical activity up into smaller chunks so it’s easier to schedule, like walking 10 minutes several times a day.
  • Schedule some “me” time every day—a nap, dog walk, or hot bath to get your energy back for the next celebration.

2. Outsmart the Buffet

When you face a spread of delicious holiday food, make healthy choices easier:

  • Have a small plate of the foods you like best and then move away from the buffet table.
  • Start with vegetables to take the edge off your appetite.
  • Eat slowly. It takes at least 20 minutes for your brain to realize you’re full.
  • Avoid or limit alcohol. If you do have an alcoholic drink, have it with food. Alcohol can lower blood sugar and interact with diabetes medicines.

Also plan to stay on top of your blood sugar. Check it more often during the holidays, and if you take medicine, ask your doctor if the amount needs to be adjusted.

3. Fit in Favorites

No food is on the naughty list. Choose the dishes you really love and can’t get any other time of year, like Aunt Edna’s pumpkin pie. Slow down and savor a small serving, and make sure to count it in your meal plan.

How to eat healthily over the holidays

If you plan for it, no food needs to be on the naughty list.

4. Keep Moving

You’ve got a lot on your plate this time of year, and physical activity can get crowded out. But being active is your secret holiday weapon; it can help make up for eating more than usual and reduce stress during this most stressful time of year. Get moving with friends and family, such as taking a walk after a holiday meal.

5. Get Your Zzz’s

Going out more and staying out later often means cutting back on sleep. Sleep loss can make it harder to manage your blood sugar, and when you’re sleep deprived you’ll tend to eat more and prefer high-fat, high-sugar food. Aim for 7 to 8 hours per night to guard against mindless eating.

Most of all, remember what the season is about—celebrating and connecting with the people you care about. When you focus more on the fun, it’s easier to focus less on the food.

How to eat healthily over the holidays

It’s easy to get swept up in the holiday season. This combination of religious and national celebrations can help keep the cold winter away. But the feasts and parties that mark it can tax the arteries and strain the waistline. By eating just 200 extra calories a day — a piece of pecan pie and a tumbler of eggnog here, a couple latkes and some butter cookies there — you could pack on two to three pounds over this five- to six-week period. That doesn’t sound like much, except few people shed that extra weight in the following months and years.

You don’t need to deprive yourself, eat only boring foods, or take your treats with a side order of guilt. Instead, by practicing a bit of defensive eating and cooking, you can come through the holidays without making “go on a diet” one of your New Year’s resolutions.

  1. Budget wisely. Don’t eat everything at feasts and parties. Be choosy and spend calories judiciously on the foods you love.
  2. Take 10 before taking seconds. It takes a few minutes for your stomach’s “I’m getting full” signal to get to your brain. After finishing your first helping, take a 10-minute break. Make conversation. Drink some water. Then recheck your appetite. You might realize you are full or want only a small portion of seconds.
  3. Distance helps the heart stay healthy. At a party, don’t stand next to the food table. That makes it harder to mindlessly reach for food as you talk. If you know you are prone to recreational eating, pop a mint or a stick of gum so you won’t keep reaching for the chips.
  4. Don’t go out with an empty tank. Before setting out for a party, eat something so you don’t arrive famished. Excellent pre-party snacks combine complex carbohydrates with protein and unsaturated fat, like apple slices with peanut butter or a slice of turkey and cheese on whole-wheat pita bread.
  5. Drink to your health. A glass of eggnog can set you back 500 calories; wine, beer, and mixed drinks range from 150 to 225 calories. If you drink alcohol, have a glass of water or juice-flavored seltzer in between drinks.
  6. Avoid alcohol on an empty stomach. Alcohol increases your appetite and diminishes your ability to control what you eat.
  7. Put on your dancing (or walking) shoes. Dancing is a great way to work off some holiday calories. If you are at a family gathering, suggest a walk before the feast or even between dinner and dessert.
  8. Make room for veggies. At meals and parties, don’t ignore fruits and vegetables. They make great snacks and even better side or main dishes — unless they’re slathered with creamy sauces or butter.
  9. Be buffet savvy. At a buffet, wander ’round the food table before putting anything on your plate. By checking out all of your options, you might be less inclined to pile on items one after another.
  10. Don’t shop hungry. Eat before you go shopping so the scent of Cinnabons or caramel corn doesn’t tempt you to gobble treats you don’t need.
  11. Cook from (and for) the heart. To show family and friends that you reallycare about them, be creative with recipes that use less butter, cream, lard, vegetable shortening, and other ingredients rich in saturated fats. Prepare turkey or fish instead of red meat.
  12. Pay attention to what really matters. Although food is an integral part of the holidays, put the focus on family and friends, laughter and cheer. If balance and moderation are your usual guides, it’s okay to indulge or overeat once in a while.


As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

They say taxes and death are the only two constants in life, but it sure seems like the holidays circle around all too quickly each year. And with those sacred and merriment-filled days comes a familiar angst: the eating, drinking and family gathering seem endless, while sleep and normal stress-management routines take a back seat. This year, take a different approach-one that allows you to enjoy your favorite holiday foods-and keep your health and sanity in check.

1. Find New Ways to Move

If your exercise routine feels laborious or tedious already, chances are you won't get excited about doing it when you're tired, overworked and overbooked. Instead of sticking to the same 30-minute jog or routine gym session, branch out and find new ways to move that sound fun to you.

Try a new workout class or online video. Recruit a friend or family member to join you. Organize a family activity like ice skating, a hike or even a scavenger hunt. Find an indoor climbing or swimming facility that has holiday-friendly hours. Or, if your head just isn't in it for a traditional workout, keep your body moving by cleaning out closets, digging out the holiday decorations or volunteering for physical prep tasks like hanging up holiday lights. Moving big boxes, bags and piles can help you work up a sweat, too.

Keep Reading: 5 Ways to Walk More

2. Make Protein the Star

Holiday party spreads may offer a plethora of dips, chips and vegetable or fruit platters, but one way to actually fill up and feel satisfied when faced with all those endless little bites is to make protein one of your plate's primary features.

Higher-protein diets increase satiety (compared to lower-protein diets), meaning you're more satisfied and less likely to overeat. Opt for plant-, fish- or animal-based proteins, egg-based dishes, sliced meats or cheeses, bean salads or bean-based dips, yogurts and nut mixes. Then add the sides of fresh fruits and vegetables, grains or finger foods.

3. Go Meatless for One Meal a Day

Ample research shows that plant-based diets promote health. Go meatless for one meal a day to add some variety to your plates and enjoy foods that can help lower blood cholesterol levels, promote blood sugar control and reduce risk of cardiovascular disease.

This may mean having a black bean burger instead of a beef patty, topping salads with chickpeas instead of grilled chicken or steak, or having a vegetable stir-fry over brown rice with roasted tofu instead of shrimp for dinner. If your friend or family holiday parties tend to go heavy on the meat-based entrees, try balancing your day with a plant-based lunch or breakfast.

4. Stock Up on Sleep

While it's not effective to bank sleep hours during the week in preparation for late nights out on the weekend, it is helpful to make a habit out of prioritizing sleep as often as possible. Adequate sleep is associated with better stress-management abilities and a healthy balance of hunger and satiety hormones (ghrelin and leptin, respectively). Inadequate sleep, which is defined as less than the recommended seven to nine hours per night, may lead to changes in appetite and mood.

On the flip side, chronic high stress levels may impact quality of sleep. It can be a vicious cycle. Try to avoid this by getting seven to nine hours of sleep per night as often as possible. Develop a sleep routine to help reduce stress levels before bedtime and improve sleep quality. Yes, that might mean putting the phone down.

Celebrate while sticking with your healthy habits this holiday season! Take time to eat well and move your body to help you feel your best. Use these five tips from to make your holiday with your household a healthy one.

  1. Start the day right with a healthy breakfast. Get energized with recipes like Applesauce French Toast or Breakfast Burritos, and check out our Healthy Eating resources for more nutrition tips.
  2. Make fruits and vegetables part of your holiday plate. Browse our Recipes page to find dishes that are packed with flavor, including Roasted Root Vegetables and Baked Acorn Squash with Apples. You can also sneak fruits and veggies into your holiday cookies with these Banana Oatmeal Cookies and Healthy Carrot Cake Cookies.
  3. Choose nutritious cooking methods. Find ingredient substitutions and recipe makeovers that can boost the nutrition of your holiday recipes on our Meal Prep and Cooking Tips page.
  4. Add exercise to the calendar. Just like you would schedule a holiday activity with your household, schedule time for exercise that you enjoy. Get outside for some fresh air, or stay warm inside and follow along to one of our Exercise Examples and Videos.
  5. Remember to hydrate. It can be easy to forget to drink water during this busy time. Learn how much water to drink each day and what beverages can help you stay hydrated on our Water, Hydration, and Health page.

Looking for more support with your healthy habits? Follow us on Twitter for other holiday eating tips, or contact our Registered Dietitians for answers to your basic nutrition questions.

How to be random

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What’s this fuss about true randomness?

Perhaps you have wondered how predictable machines like computers can generate randomness. In reality, most random numbers used in computer programs are pseudo-random, which means they are generated in a predictable fashion using a mathematical formula. This is fine for many purposes, but it may not be random in the way you expect if you’re used to dice rolls and lottery drawings.

RANDOM.ORG offers true random numbers to anyone on the Internet. The randomness comes from atmospheric noise, which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms typically used in computer programs. People use RANDOM.ORG for holding drawings, lotteries and sweepstakes, to drive online games, for scientific applications and for art and music. The service has existed since 1998 and was built by Dr Mads Haahr of the School of Computer Science and Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin in Ireland. Today, RANDOM.ORG is operated by Randomness and Integrity Services Ltd.

Games and Lotteries

Lottery Quick Pick is perhaps the Internet’s most popular with over 280 lotteries
Keno Quick Pick for the popular game played in many countries
Coin Flipper will give you heads or tails in many currencies
Dice Roller does exactly what it says on the tin
Playing Card Shuffler will draw cards from multiple shuffled decks
Birdie Fund Generator will create birdie holes for golf courses

Random Drawings

Q3.1 in the FAQ explains how to pick a winner for your giveaway for FREE
Third-Party Draw Service is the premier solution to holding random drawings online
Step by Step Guide explains how to hold a drawing with the Third-Party Draw Service
Step by Step Video shows how to hold a drawing with the Third-Party Draw Service
Price Calculator tells exactly how much your drawing will cost
Drawing FAQ answers common questions about holding drawings
Public Records shows all completed drawings going back five years
Drawing Result Widget can be used to publish your winners on your web page
Multi-Round Giveaway Service for verified video giveaways


Integer Generator makes random numbers in configurable intervals
Sequence Generator will randomize an integer sequence of your choice
Integer Set Generator makes sets of non-repeating integers
Gaussian Generator makes random numbers to fit a normal distribution
Decimal Fraction Generator makes numbers in the [0,1] range with configurable decimal places
Raw Random Bytes are useful for many cryptographic purposes

Lists and Strings and Maps, Oh My!

List Randomizer will randomize a list of anything you have (names, phone numbers, etc.)
String Generator makes random alphanumeric strings
Password Generator makes secure passwords for your Wi-Fi or that extra Gmail account
Clock Time Generator will pick random times of the day
Calendar Date Generator will pick random days across nearly three and a half millennia
Geographic Coordinate Generator will pick a random spot on our planet’s surface
Bitmaps in black and white
Hexadecimal Color Code Generator will pick color codes, for example for use as web colors
Pregenerated Files contain large amounts of downloadable random bits
Pure White Audio Noise for composition or just to test your audio equipment
Jazz Scales to practice improvisation for students of jazz guitar
Samuel Beckett’s randomly generated short prose
DNA Protein Sequence Randomizer (at Bio-Web)

Web Tools and Widgets for Your Pages

Integer Widget Wizard will put a mini-RANDOM.ORG on your web page or blog
Draw Widget Wizard will put the result of a paid drawing on your web page or blog
HTTP API to get true random numbers into your own code
Guidelines describe how to avoid getting in trouble
Banned Hosts lists who didn’t behave and have been blocked

How to be random

Learn about Randomness

Introduction to Randomness explains what true random numbers are and why they’re interesting
History explains how RANDOM.ORG started and where it is today
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How to be random


Real-Time Statistics show how the generator is performing right now
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“You are Sooo Random!” – Randomness & Creativity Research

Posted April 8, 2010

One of the advantages of being disorderly is that one is constantly making exciting discoveries.
(A.A. Milne)

If you were a rabbit, fleeing from a fox, would you be more successful if following a predictable path, or a path that zigzags, unpredictably and randomly? If you are an average kind of rabbit, who does not want to be eaten and who wants to pass on his/her genes, it would serve you well to escape in a zigzag manner, completely randomly. The fox will then become confused and give up, while you make it home in time for a firefly-lit dinner of fresh carrots and cabbage. That’s the animal world. In the human world (granted also animal, but with a larger frontal lobes), randomness has been suggested to evolve into what is now known as human creativity. If something is random, it is by definition variable, different, unlike a stereotypical thought (response, product, etc).

But does creativity really benefit from randomness? Just think of children or individuals with psychopathology – their answers can be random and thus very different, but can these answers be called creative? In the research world, it is agreed that creativity requires novel AND appropriate responses. Thus it seems a combination of randomness and lack of it (focus?) might be necessary. We set out to explore such musings in our recent study. In the laboratory, participants were asked to generate numbers on a computer keyboard (Random Number Generation task). Then their creative potential was assessed, as well as their actual creative achievement history. It turned out that both random and non-random processes were involved. Specifically, being random was predictive of creative fluency, which is simply generating as many responses to a given task as possible. Randomness was also related to creative flexibility, or the ability to switch between categories. However, being LESS random was predictive of creative originality, or the number of responses that are unique, as well as of actual creative achievement.

These findings provide support for the idea that creativity does not only involve looser association, defocused or focused attention, lack of fixedness, etc. (suggested in literature), but most likely it is about being flexible, and knowing (either consciously and/or subconsciously) what is functional and when. We reached a similar conclusion in another study of ours, where we found that creative folks displayed more flexible cognitive control. Oshin Vartainian also reported that creative people were better at adjusting their focus of attention as a function of task demands. Based on the provided support, it is apparent then that it’s advantageous to be as random as possible for generation of ideas, but sticking with a particular response is predictive of creative originality.

So next time your friends say that you are “sooo random,” hold your head up high and keep at it. But don’t forget to spot those brilliant ideas among the dis-order, and focus. Such is the recipe for creativity.


Miller, G. F. (2000). The mating mind. New York: Random House.

Vartanian, O. (2009). Variable attention facilitates creative problem solving.Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 3, 57-59.

Zabelina, D. L. (2010). Creativity and randomness (Unpublished master’s thesis). North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND.

Zabelina, D. L., & Robinson, M. D. (in press). Creativity as flexible cognitive control. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

How to be random

Alexander Arobelidze

How to be random

People have been using random numbers for millennia, so the concept isn’t new. From the lottery in ancient Babylon, to roulette tables in Monte Carlo, to dice games in Vegas, the goal is to leave the end result up to random chance.

But gambling aside, randomness has many uses in science, statistics, cryptography and more. Yet using dice, coins, or similar media as a random device has its limitations.

Because of the mechanical nature of these techniques, generating large quantities of random numbers requires great deal of time and work. Thanks to human ingenuity, we have more powerful tools and methods at our disposal.

Methods for generating random numbers

True Random Numbers

How to be random

Picture of analog-input digital-output processing device. Photo by Harrison Broadbent

Let’s consider two principal methods used to generate random numbers. The first method is based on a physical process, and harvests the source of randomness from some physical phenomenon that is expected to be random.

Such a phenomenon takes place outside of the computer. It is measured and adjusted for possible biases due to the measurement process. Examples include radioactive decay, the photoelectric effect, cosmic background radiation, atmospheric noise (which we will use in this article), and more.

Thus, random numbers generated based on such randomness are said to be “true” random numbers.

Technically, the hardware part consists of a device that converts energy from one form to another (for example, radiation to an electrical signal), an amplifier, and an analog-to-digital converter to turn the output into a digital number.

What are Pseudorandom Numbers?

How to be random

Picture of computer code flowing through computer screen. Photo by Markus Spiske.

As an alternative to “true” random numbers, the second method of generating random numbers involves computational algorithms that can produce apparently random results.

Why apparently random? Because the end results obtained are in fact completely determined by an initial value also known as the seed value or key. Therefore, if you knew the key value and how the algorithm works, you could reproduce these seemingly random results.

Random number generators of this type are frequently called Pseudorandom number generators and, as a result, output Pseudorandom Numbers.

Even though this type of generator typically doesn’t gather any data from sources of naturally occurring randomness, such gathering of keys can be made possible when needed.

Let’s compare some aspects of true random number generators or TRNGs and pseudorandom number generators or PRNGs.

PRNGs are faster than TRNGs. Because of their deterministic nature, they are useful when you need to replay a sequence of random events. This helps a great deal in code testing, for example.

On the other hand, TRNGs are not periodic and work better in security sensitive roles such as encryption.

A period is the number of iterations a PRNG goes through before it starts repeating itself. Thus, all other things being equal, a PRNG with a longer period would take more computer resources to predict and crack.

Example Algorithm for Pseudo-Random Number Generator

A computer executes code that is based on a set of rules to be followed. For PRNGs in general, those rules revolve around the following:

  1. Accept some initial input number, that is a seed or key.
  2. Apply that seed in a sequence of mathematical operations to generate the result. That result is the random number.
  3. Use that resulting random number as the seed for the next iteration.
  4. Repeat the process to emulate randomness.

Now let’s look at an example.

The Linear Congruential Generator

This generator produces a series of pseudorandom numbers. Given an initial seed X0 and integer parameters a as the multiplier, b as the increment, and m as the modulus, the generator is defined by the linear relation: Xn ≡ (aXn-1 + b)mod m. Or using more programming friendly syntax: Xn = (a * Xn-1 + b) % m.

Each of these members have to satisfy the following conditions:

  • m > 0 (the modulus is positive),
  • 0 < a < m (the multiplier is positive but less than the modulus),
  • 0b < m (the increment is non negative but less than the modulus), and
  • 0X0 < m (the seed is non negative but less than the modulus).

Let’s create a JavaScript function that takes the initial values as arguments and returns an array of random numbers of a given length:

The Linear Congruential Generator is one of the oldest and best-known PRNG algorithms.

As for random number generator algorithms that are executable by computers, they date back as early as the 1940s and 50s (the Middle-square method and Lehmer generator, for example) and continue to be written today (Xoroshiro128+, Squares RNG, and more).

A Sample Random Number Generator

When I decided to write this article about embedding a random number generator within a web page, I had a choice to make.

I could’ve used JavaScript’s Math.random() function as the base and generate output in pseudorandom numbers like I have in earlier articles (see Multiplication Chart – Code Your Own Times Table).

But this article itself is about generating random numbers. So I decided to learn how to gather “true” randomness based data and share my discovery with you.

So below is the “true” Random Number Generator. Set the parameters and hit Generate.

R ANDOMNESS IS A valuable commodity. Computer models of complex systems ranging from the weather to the stockmarket are voracious consumers of random numbers. Cryptography, too, relies heavily on random numbers for the generation of unbreakable keys. Better, cheaper ways of generating and handling such numbers are therefore always welcome. And doing just that is the goal of a project with the slightly tongue-in-cheek name of COINFLIPS, which allegedly stands for Co-designed Improved Neural Foundations Leveraging Inherent Physics Stochasticity.

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COINFLIPS operates under the aegis of Brad Aimone, a theoretical neuroscientist at Sandia National Laboratories (originally one of America’s nuclear-weapons laboratories, but which has now branched out into other areas, too). Dr Aimone’s starting-point is the observation that, unlike the circuits of digital computers, which will, if fed a given input, respond with a precise and predictable output, the link between input to and output from a nerve cell is more haphazard—or, in the jargon, “stochastic”. He wants to imitate this stochastic behaviour in something less squishy than a nerve cell. By doing so, he thinks he might be able to tune the distribution of digits that a random-number generator spits out, without affecting their underlying randomness.

Random doodlings

That would be useful. Existing random-number generators produce uniform distributions. (A “3”, say, is exactly as likely to appear as a “7”.) But, as Dr Aimone’s colleague Darby Smith notes, the real world that computer modellers are trying to model does not work like this. For example, the temperature in London in December may vary between -7°C and 17°C, but is most likely to be in the range 3°C to 8°C. Similarly, vessels are more likely to be in trouble close to a busy shipping route than in a remote backwater. Distorting uniform distributions of random numbers to take account of these realities is tedious and unsatisfactory. As Dr Smith observes, it would be more efficient if the random numbers used corresponded to the natural distribution in the first place.

There is also an abundance problem. Finding random phenomena in nature that can be transformed into computer bits is not easy. Often the source is computing itself—for example, by gathering the last digits in the numbers of milliseconds between keystrokes made by zillions of users. Otherwise, specialist, expensive hardware needs to be used to do things such as measuring heat flux through a silicon chip.

To eke out these scarce supplies, such truly random numbers are often then employed to seed programs called pseudo-random-number generators. The algorithms behind those generate sequences of numbers that have the statistical properties of randomness. But this is not the same as the real thing. As John von Neumann, one of computing’s pioneers, observed: “Anyone who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is, of course, in a state of sin.” Moreover, if the purpose is cryptography, this method is particularly risky. The opposition might be able to work out the algorithm involved.

Another member of the project, Shashank Misra, says COINFLIPS’ researchers have identified two hardware-based approaches for the production of tuneable, abundant random numbers. One relies on the patterns magnetic films make when disturbed, the other on how electrons travel through the barrier of a quantum-tunnelling diode. Both of these things are truly random. And both can be tuned to provide the sort of random-number distributions COINFLIPS requires.

In a quantum-tunnelling diode, electrons randomly leap (or fail to leap) across a gap, and the distribution of success or failure can be changed (and therefore tuned) by altering the voltage. A magnetic film, meanwhile, is composed of many tiny magnets jostling with each other. Flip the polarity of one of these and others around it flip in response, creating a random pattern. In this case the plan is to build tuneability into the magnetic medium itself, by tinkering with its composition, and also applying strain to it.

Random-number-generating hardware based on either of these approaches could be built directly into chips. Alternatively, a random-number-generating unit might be added to existing devices to yield an endless supply of high-speed randomness in the way that graphics-processing units are added to machines that have to handle a lot of graphical material. Crucially, unlike the heat-flux method, which requires intermediate hardware involving thousands of transistors to translate the signal into digital bits, the results of the diode and film methods can be read off as bits directly, using only one or two transistors to do so.

The efficiency offered by COINFLIPS means some tasks which currently require a supercomputer might be carried out with desktop hardware, depending on how much of the load involves generating and manipulating random numbers. Dr Aimone says the current approach tends to be simply to build bigger computers where needed. But even then some large-scale tasks may be too costly in money and time lost to conduct. You can, for example, run a model of a hurricane’s path only so many times before the real thing makes landfall.

The heart of the matter

Despite its peregrinations elsewhere, though, Sandia is ultimately in the nuclear business, and one early application of whatever COINFLIPS comes up with is likely to involve interpreting the results of collisions in particle accelerators—something the team have been exploring in collaboration with Temple University, in Philadelphia. The idea is to build a device which incorporates COINFLIPS hardware into the sensor itself. This will allow results from collisions, which will be randomly distributed, but in particular ways, to be compared with artificial random distributions, to see if they match. To be able to do this in real time is useful, because it allows an immediate decision to be made about whether or not to store a particular result. Modern colliders generate so many collisions that such immediacy in decision-making is important.

That is one, rather specific, application. But in the longer run, says Dr Aimone, COINFLIPS should enable many types of calculation that are currently impossible because of the volume of random numbers needed—for example, artificial-intelligence systems that capture the uncertainty of the world. This might be done in the form of neural networks which, like the human brain, have randomness available at each synapse. And that, in turn, may lead to COINFLIPS, a project inspired by biology, returning the compliment by providing a better way of understanding of how brains themselves work. ■

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This article appeared in the Science & technology section of the print edition under the headline “Flipping heck!”

How to get healthy skin

How to get healthy skin

When it comes to skin care goals, the word “glowing” seems to universally rank top of mind. So in the pursuit of a healthy, radiant complexion, we scoured the research, tapped experts, and looked to time-tested rituals to find the best-of-the-best advice: This list only includes things that work with a Capital-W.

Here, 24 proven—and natural—ways to maintain glowing skin:

1. Use a safe, mineral-based sunscreen daily.

A clean, mineral-based SPF should be applied daily, all year round. “Ultraviolet radiation is unequivocally carcinogenic,” explains board-certified dermatologist Heidi Waldorf, M.D. “If you don’t care about that, think vanity—UV rays are the primary cause of the texture and color changes of skin aging.” To protect your skin, Waldorf recommends using a mineral-based sunscreen (look for active ingredients like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) that is SPF 30 or higher and applying it as the final step in your skin care routine every morning. Because mineral sunscreen is a physical barrier, it should be applied as the last step before makeup: Any skin care actives you try to apply after won’t penetrate.

Additionally—smart sun care goes well beyond SPF. Always be mindful of how much time you spend in the sun (read: don’t sunbathe for sport) as well as wear hats and other protective clothing.

These general skin care tips from dermatologists can benefit just about everyone.

How to get healthy skinApply sunscreen every day before you go outdoors. Sunscreen is the closest thing we have to a fountain of youth. It really can slow down skin aging. It can also help prevent skin cancer. Look for a sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection, SPF 30 (or higher), and water resistance.

While it’s important to protect infants’ skin from the sun, the AAD recommends applying sunscreen ONLY to children who are 6 months and older.

Don’t smoke. Smoking speeds up how quickly your skin ages. If you smoke, your wounds will also take longer to heal. And research shows that smoking worsens some skin diseases, including psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa.

Check your skin for skin cancer. Skin self-exams can help you find skin cancer early when it’s highly treatable. If you notice a spot that differs from the others, or one that changes, itches, or bleeds, make an appointment to see a dermatologist.

How to get healthy skinUse a self-tanner if you like looking tanned. Anytime you tan indoors or outside, you prematurely age your skin. You also increase your risk of getting skin cancer. A self-tanner can give you the look you want without the risks. To keep your skin healthy, you want to protect it from the sun even when using a self-tanner.

Use skin care products that match your skin’s needs. What’s your skin type — oily, dry, normal, combination, or sensitive? Do you have a skin condition? Using products formulated for your skin’s needs will help your skin look and feel its best.

Resist the urge to scrub your skin clean. If you’ve been sweating heavily or have a serious acne flare, it may seem natural to scrub your skin. Don’t! Scrubbing irritates your skin, which can worsen any skin condition, including acne.

Wash your face when waking, before bed, and after sweating. Washing when you wake up removes the dirt and bacteria that settle on your face while sleeping. Before bed, you want to remove makeup and grime, such as smog, smoke, or dirt, which may have landed on your skin.

How to get healthy skinGently wash your face. Gentle cleansing helps skin look its best. To gently cleanse your face, wet it with lukewarm water. Then apply a mild cleanser, gently applying the cleanser in a circular motion with your fingertips. Finish by completely rinsing off the cleanser and gently patting your face dry with a clean towel.

Stress less. Finding healthy ways to manage stress can help your skin, too. Some skin diseases like psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (eczema) often appear for the first time when someone feels really stressed. Stress can also cause flare-ups of many skin conditions, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea.

See a board-certified dermatologist if you dislike something about your skin. When it comes to our skin, dermatologists are the experts. These doctors diagnose and treat thousands of different skin diseases. They also have the expertise needed to help people safely rejuvenate and care for their skin.

Related AAD resources

Getty Images

Alikhan A, Lynch PJ, et al. “Hidradenitis suppurativa: A comprehensive review.” J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60(4):539-61.

Chien AL, Qi J, et al. “Perioral wrinkles are associated with female gender, aging, and smoking: Development of a gender-specific photonumeric scale.” J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016;74:924-30.

van de Kerkhof PCM and Schlkwijk J. (2008) “Psoriasis.” In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, et al. editors. Dermatology, 2 nd ed. Spain, Mosby Elsevier: p. 115.

All content solely developed by the American Academy of Dermatology

The American Academy of Dermatology gratefully acknowledges the support from DermStore.

Reproduction or republication strictly prohibited
without prior written permission.

You don’t need fancy treatments or a perfect diet. Get better skin in 2022 with these tips from a dermatologist.

Mercey Livingston is a health and wellness writer and certified Integrative Nutrition Health Coach. She’s written about fitness and wellness for Well+Good, Women’s Health, Business Insider, and among others. When not writing, she enjoys reading and trying out workout classes all over New York City.

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Taking care of your skin can feel intimidating. There’s an overwhelming amount of products and treatments out there, not to mention an endless stream of (sometimes conflicting) advice.

You’ll be happy to know that the basics of skin care are pretty simple. And if you’re a health-conscious person, chances are you’re already checking most of the boxes below.

So even though beauty bloggers and influencers may make you feel like you need all the things (like fancy lasers and light devices) to get better skin, there are a few simple, science-backed principles that can help you more than owning a bunch of products.

Keep reading for what science and a dermatologist say you should really care about when it comes to your skin.

Our Health & Wellness newsletter puts the best products, updates and advice in your inbox.

1. Use sunscreen every single day

“Your skin is your largest organ and should be taken care of,” dermatologist Dr. Amie Sessa told CNET. Her top tip for taking care of your skin? Sunscreen is nonnegotiable.

If you spend most of your time indoors or don’t live in a sunny place, it’s easy to neglect sunscreen, especially in the winter. But you still need sunscreen since your skin is exposed through the car or while walking on your commute, and you can still get sun damage in overcast weather. “Apply a daily moisturizer with SPF 30-plus to your face, neck and your chest every single day — make it a habit so you don’t have to think about it every day,” Sessa said.

2. Keep your skin moisturized

Apply a moisturizer soon after washing your skin to help seal in moisture.

It’s important to keep your skin moisturized in order for it to feel and look healthy. And even if you have oily skin or acne, your skin still needs moisture.

“Most people should apply a moisturizer immediately after bathing to seal the moisture in. My favorite over-the-counter moisturizers are Cerave cream and Eucerin Advanced repair,” Sessa said.

Equally as important as moisturizing is making sure you are cleansing your skin and removing makeup, especially before bed.

3. Get enough sleep

Sleep is important for overall health and your skin health.

It’s no question that getting enough sleep is essential for good health. And it’s no different for your skin.

Still not sold? One study found that sleep deprivation clearly affects skin appearance and increases the look of wrinkles, puffiness and dark circles, among other not-so-appealing signs.

“General good health tips apply to the skin, too — your skin will show if you are getting poor sleep or not enough of it,” Sessa said. Aiming for 7 to 8 hours minimum of uninterrupted sleep will pay off for your complexion.

4. Eat healthy foods

Just like getting enough sleep is important for your health, so is getting proper nutrition. Eating a balanced diet is key: You don’t have to restrict any foods, but eating mostly refined carbohydrates, heavily processed and fried foods takes a toll on your overall health, including your skin. Try to incorporate as many nutritious foods as you can, like fruits, veggies and whole grains.

Many experts agree that what you eat has a strong effect on your skin health, and research has shown that diet is important when it comes to things like acne, aging and even skin cancer.

Further, one of the most talked about topics in health lately is gut health — and the gut microbiome affects your skin, too. Scientists are studying the gut-skin axis and how the bacteria in your gut directly affects skin health. One of the biggest determiners of your gut microbiome is what you eat.

5. Stay hydrated

Drinking plenty of water can help you feel better and get better skin.

Dehydration can cause a ton of unpleasant symptoms like fatigue and digestive issues, just to name a few issues. And since drinking more water can make you healthier , it’s also great for your skin. Like Sessa mentioned before, overall healthy habits pay off for your skin, too.

Although many people tout the benefits of drinking water for your skin, science isn’t clear on whether drinking water affects skin hydration levels (but it’s still good for your overall health, and therefore your skin). Besides using a good moisturizer, you can also add a humidifier to your routine, especially if the air in your home or office is really dry.

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

This article was medically reviewed by Adarsh Vijay Mudgil, MD. Dr. Adarsh Vijay Mudgil is a board certified Dermatologist, Dermatopathologist, and the Owner of Mudgil Dermatology, a state-of-the-art dermatology practice based in New York, New York. As one of the few dermatologists in the area to achieve board certification in both dermatology and dermatopathology, Dr. Mudgil specializes in all aspects of medical, surgical, and cosmetic dermatology. He received his Bachelor’s degree with Phi Beta Kappa honors from Emory University and earned his Doctor of Medicine (MD) with Alpha Omega Alpha honors from the Stony Brook University School of Medicine. In medical school, Dr. Mudgil was among a handful of students nationwide to receive a coveted Howard Hughes Medical Institute Fellowship and Scholarship. He then completed his residency in dermatology at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in Manhattan, where he served as chief resident. Additionally, Dr. Mudgil went on to complete a fellowship at the prestigious Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, and the American Society of Dermatopathology. Dr. Mudgil is also a member of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine teaching faculty.

There are 37 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

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Skin is extremely important for good health, since it is the largest organ and protects the rest of your body from germs and infectious agents. While many people want healthy skin because of the radiant appearance it provides, it can also be an indicator of overall health, and having healthy skin starts with having a healthy body. Skincare and anti-aging products are huge industries, but taking care of your skin has just as much to do with how you treat your body and what you put into it as it does what you put on it.