How to perform havdalah

We are saying goodbye to the Sabbath in a bittersweet ceremony that employs wine, perfume, and candlelight.

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On the finish of Shabbat, when three stars seem, it’s time for the transient ceremony of Havdalah (actually, separation or distinction), at which era we take depart of Shabbat.

Our rabbis educate that on Shabbat, we’re given an additional soul. At Havdalah we relinquish that additional soul, however hope that the sweetness and holiness of the day will stay with us throughout the week. We take a cup of wine, a field of spices and a good looking braided Havdalah candle, and we sing or recite the blessings.

How to perform havdalah

A Havdalah set consists of a spice field, kiddush cup and braided candle.

These blessings speak about distinctions between the holy and the on a regular basis, between gentle and darkness, between the individuals Israel and the opposite peoples of the earth, and between the seventh day of relaxation and the six days of labor. We make a blessing over the wine, a logo of pleasure, to sanctify the second, and we sniff the spices to hold the candy spice of Shabbat into the week and to wake us gently to our earthly duties. We use the sunshine of the candle by taking a look at our fingernails and palms within the gentle with our palms palms-up, making finger-shadows on our palms that show the excellence between gentle and darkness.

This gentle is the primary hearth of the brand new week. It’s a signal that the time to start creating once more has arrived. No extra dreamlike days till subsequent week. It’s now time to take a position ourselves in our work once more. As we make the transition again to our week, we additionally make the connection between creation and the messianic period (a time of justice and peace) by invoking the prophet Elijah. Custom teaches that he’ll herald the approaching of the Messiah.

Some add that Miriam the prophetess will lead the Jewish individuals in joyful tune and dance to a time of perfection. We then drink the wine, douse the candle, and want one another an excellent week. Shabbat is a style of that perfection, however our work on the planet is required to carry it about.

How To Make Havdalah

To make Havdalah, a braided candle, a spice field crammed with spices, and a kiddush cup for wine or grape juice are wanted. Type a circle in a reasonably darkish room and have completely different individuals maintain the candle, the spice field, and the kiddush cup. The Havdalah blessings are recited in Hebrew or English, both by one individual or all collectively. As every blessing is alleged, the related merchandise is made accessible to the group: The kiddush cup is held up for all to see, however the wine just isn’t sipped but. The spices are handed round, and every individual takes a second to odor their sweetness. The candle is held excessive, and each individual places a hand up into the candle’s gentle, turning the palms over, palms in, and bending the fingers. Some individuals look into the eyes of these close to them to see the sunshine mirrored there.

When the blessings are concluded, every individual takes a sip from the wine. The rest is poured right into a nonflammable dish or basin during which the candle is then extinguished. Another, which is extra enjoyable but additionally extra harmful, is to pour whiskey or vodka into the dish and extinguish the candle in it. It’s going to burst into an enormous, fast burning flame, certain to enchant the kids.

The Havdalah Blessings

Introductory Paragraph:

Hinei El yeshu’ati, evtach v’-lo efchad. Ki ounces ve-zimrat Yah Adonai, vayhi li liyshu’a. Ush’avtem mayim b’sason mi-ma’y’nei ha-yshu’a. L’Adonai ha-y’shu’a, al amkha virkhatekha selah. Adonai tz’vaot imanu, misgav lanu Elohei Ya’akov selah. Adonai tz’vaot ashrei adam boteakh bach. Adonai hosheea, ha-Melech ya’aneinu b’yom kor’einu. La-Yhudim hayta orah ve-simcha ve-sason viykar, ken tihyeh lanu. Kos yeshu’ot esa uvshem Adonai ekra.

Behold, God is my unfailing assist; I’ll belief in God and won’t be afraid. God is energy and tune, my Deliverer. With pleasure shall you draw water out of the wells of salvation. God alone is our assist; might God bless His individuals. God of the universe is with us; the God of Jacob is our safety. There was gentle and pleasure; gladness and honor for the Jewish individuals. So might we be blessed. I’ll raise the cup of salvation and name upon God’s Identify.

Blessing over the wine:

Barukh ata Adonai, Eloheinu Melekh ha-olam, borei peri ha-gafen.

Blessed are You, Adonai our God, Ruler of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.

Blessing over the spices:

Barukh ata Adonai, Eloheinu Melekh ha-olam, borei minei v’samim.

Blessed are You, Adonai our God, Ruler of the universe, Creator of many sorts of spices.

Blessing over the flames of the Havdalah candle:

Barukh ata Adonai, Eloheinu Melekh ha-olam, borei m’orei ha-eish.

Blessed are You, Adonai our God, Ruler of the universe, Creator of the fireplace’s gentle.

Concluding blessing:

Barukh ata Adonai, Eloheinu Melekh ha-olam, ha-mavdil bein kodesh l’chol, bein or-le’choshekh, bein Yisrael la-amim, bein yom ha-shevi’i l’sheshet y’mai ha-ma’aseh. Barukh ata Adonai, ha-mavdil bein kodesh l’chol.

Blessed are You, Everlasting our God, Ruler of the universe, Who distinguishes between the sacred and the profane, between gentle and darkness, between Israel and different individuals of the world, between the seventh day and the six days of the week. Blessed are You, Who distinguishes between the sacred and the profane.

Publish-Havdalah Songs

Within the dim twilight, the individuals within the circle (typically becoming a member of palms) sing “Shavua Tov” (an excellent week), which is sung in Hebrew and English. That is adopted by “Eliyahu Ha-navi,” sung in Hebrew solely. Some individuals add “Miriam Ha-nevi’ah.”

Shavua Tov

Shavua tov (8x)

week, per week of peace, might gladness reign and pleasure enhance. (repeat twice)

Eliyahu HaNavi

Eliahu ha-navi, Eliahu ha-Tishbi, Eliahu ha-Giladi. Bimheira v’yameinu yavo eleinu, im mashiach ben David.

Miriam ha-Nevi’a, ouncesv’zimra b’yadah. Miriam tirkod itanu l’hagdil zimrat olam. Miriam tirkod itanu l’taken et ha-olam. Bimheira v’yameinu, hee t’vi’einu el mei ha-y’shua. El mei ha-y’shua.

Could Elijah the Prophet come to us, heralding the Messiah, quickly and in our days!

Miriam the Prophetess, energy and tune in her hand, will dance with us to restore the world. Quickly, and in our days, might she carry us to the waters of redemption!

(The Miriam verse was written by Rabbi Leila Gal Berner.)

Lastly we want one another a contented, wholesome week — “Shavua tov!” — and the lights are turned on. Shabbat has ended.

Havdalah, which suggests “separation” is a particular candle lighting ceremony that marks the conclusion of Shabbat. The service entails all of the senses and is a peaceable technique to get in the proper headspace for the week forward. This observe could be very accessible and an effective way to incorporate household and mates who are usually not Jewish, or to carry spirituality into your loved ones’s weekly routine. Right here’s a information to training this custom that celebrates the top of Shabbat.

The Fundamentals

  • Blessing the Wine: Wine and/or grape juice is usually utilized in Judaism to indicate significance. And Havdalah is not any exception. You’ll have to refill a big glass to the highest, representing a cup overflowing with blessings for the approaching week.
  • Spices Galore: In line with Jewish custom, we get an additional soul during Shabbat. odor revives you as the additional soul leaves. You need to use something you want. Attempt a mix of cinnamon sticks and cloves, potpourri or, for a bit DIY, cloves caught into an orange.
  • Creating Gentle: Havdalah candles are sometimes fabricated from braided wax with a number of wicks, and are normally blue and white, or multicolored. If you happen to don’t have a Havdalah candle, no drawback. You possibly can maintain birthday or Shabbat candles collectively—actually something with two or extra flames works.
  • Holy Distinctions: Shabbat is particular is as a result of it’s completely different from the remainder of the week. The final blessing of the Havdalah service talks concerning the distinction between the holy and the daily and ritualizes the transition between the 2. Notice: When a vacation begins on Saturday night time, this blessing is completely different as a result of we’re going from holy to holy as an alternative of holy to common.

The Ceremony

Lead and Take part in Havdalah

  1. Use your personal Havdalah set, or improvise with a cup, spice shaker and any vessel that may maintain a candle. Put these things on a flameproof plate.
  1. Pour the wine or grape juice, however don’t drink it. Gentle the multi-wick candle. (It’s possible you’ll need to flip off the lights to amplify the fantastic thing about the candle’s glow. If you happen to’re in a gaggle, you would possibly collect collectively.)
  1. The standard Havdalah service begins with a brief paragraph praising God and calling on God’s safety, however be happy to say no matter speaks to you concerning the finish of Shabbat, the approaching week and/or gathering with family members.

Individuals typically sing a wordless tune to transition to the opposite blessings and in between the 4 blessings that make up the service. Altogether, the service will probably final lower than 10 minutes.

Blessings

Kiddush (Wine)

Maintain up the kiddush cup and recite the blessing over the wine. After the blessing, put down the cup with out ingesting.

Baruch atah, Adonai Eloheinu, Melech Ha-olam, borei p’ri ha-gafen.

Blessed are You, Infinite One, creator of the fruit of the vine.

Spices

Maintain up the spices whereas saying the blessing over the spices. Breathe within the scent and move them round for everybody to benefit from the odor.

Baruch atah, Adonai Eloheinu, Melech Ha-olam borei mi-ney v’sa-mim.

Blessed are You, Supply of many sorts of spices.

How to perform havdalah

Candle

Designate somebody to carry the candle all through the service, or maintain up the candle so everybody can bask within the gentle.

Baruch atah, Adonai Eloheinu, melech haolam, asher child’shanu b’mitzvotav, v’tzivanu l’hadlik ner shel Shabbat.

Blessed is the Oneness that makes us holy by commandments and instructions us to kindle the sunshine.

How to perform havdalah

Blessing of Separation

Recite the ultimate blessing of separation.

Baruch atah, Adonai Eloheinu, Melech Ha-olam ha-mav’dil bein-ko-desh l’chol, bein-or l’cho-shekh, bein-yis’ra-el la-a-mim. Bein-yom hash’vi’I l’she-shet y’mey-ha-ma-a-se. Baruch atah, Adonai ha-mav’dil bein-ko-desh l’chol.

Blessed is the Oneness that makes us holy and distinguishes between the sacred and the profane, between gentle and darkness, between Israel and different individuals of the world, between the seventh day and the six days of the week.
Blessed are You, Infinite One, Who distinguishes between the sacred and the profane.

Take a sip, pour a bit wine or grape juice onto the plate and extinguish the flame within the liquid.

Wrapping Up

On the finish of Shabbat, we sing a tune about Elijah (sure, the identical one from the Passover seder). Shabbat is alleged to be like a style of the world to come back, so we frequently affiliate this in the future per week with the Messianic age, which is when the prophet Elijah is alleged to come back. Need to add some feminine tales to the service? Some individuals add one other tune about Miriam the prophet, sung to the identical tune.

Concluding Havdalah

On the very finish of all of the blessings, want shavua tov, a “good week,” to these round you. This greeting is usually used all through the weekend up till Monday.

If you happen to’d like, dip your fingers within the wine that extinguished the flame to symbolically carry Shabbat blessings into the week.

It’s possible you’ll need to embrace a brief tune to conclude Havdalah as nicely, which except for repeating “shavua tov,” a number of instances, contains the phrases: “ week, per week of peace, might gladness reign and pleasure enhance.”

The tip of the service is your probability to mirror. As Shabbat closes out, ask your self: What are you hoping for within the week to come back? What sweetness from Shabbat will you carry with you into the on a regular basis?

On the lookout for extra methods to carry Shabbat into your life? Listed here are some methods {couples} can carry Shabbat into their houses.

What’s Havdalah? Wines, spices and candle. Straightforward as 1-2-3.

Simply as we proclaim the doorway of Shabbat by making "Kiddush," so too we mark the exit of Shabbat with "Havdalah."

1. What You may Want:

  • double-wicked candle (or two candles held with flames collectively)
  • cup of wine or grape juice
  • spices (cloves work nicely)
  • piece of foil (or plate) for dripping the candle on, and extinguishing the flame

2. Shabbat ends when three medium-sized stars are seen in a single look within the night sky. This time varies based on location and season.

In North America, a fast technique to calculate when Shabbat is over is so as to add one hour and 10 minutes to candle lighting time. (For instance, if Friday night time candle lighting was 6:00 p.m., then Shabbat ends at roughly 7:10 p.m. Saturday night time.) For a wonderful software program program that lists Shabbat instances for cities world wide, see www.aish.com/kaluach/.

3. If the time for the top of Shabbat has handed, one can recite the next phrases and start to do "weekday" actions:

Baruch ha-mavdil bein kodesh le-chol.

Blessed is the one Who divides between the sacred and the mundane.

Additionally, throughout the night service, there’s a particular insertion within the silent Amidah that acts as a preliminary Havdalah.

Both means, one continues to be required to carry out the Havdalah ceremony over wine.

4. One shouldn’t eat or drink till the Havdalah ceremony is full.

5. Havdalah is made up of 5 sections:

a) Introductory paragraph.

b) Blessing over wine. Judaism teaches us to remodel the bodily to the non secular. Simply as easy grapes have been reworked into wine, so too we have the benefit of the non secular renewal we’ve got achieved over Shabbat, and hope it can proceed to develop all through the approaching week.

c) Blessing over spices. The Kabbalists inform us throughout Shabbat, we every obtain an additional soul, or additional non secular sensitivity. In order Shabbat goes away, so does the additional soul, inflicting us to really feel faint. For that reason we odor some spices (non secular smelling salts!) to consolation our soul on the lack of Shabbat.

d) Blessing on the flame. The Talmud says that when Adam was created on Day Six, he grew to become very unhappy when he noticed darkness setting in on Friday night time. He thought maybe the world was ending! So on Saturday night time, God gave Adam the present of fireplace. For this reason we are saying the blessing over hearth on Saturday night time. The Havdalah candle represents the primordial first gentle of creation; new beginnings, a brand new dedication. We hope to increase the sunshine of Shabbat into our week.

After saying the blessing, we make use of the flame by holding our hand close to the flame and taking a look at our fingernails. When Shabbat is available in, we gentle a easy candle; but, when Shabbat is leaving, we gentle a bigger flame of intertwined lights, for now we had the expertise of dwelling with a further soul and the chance that gives.

e) Lastly, the blessing of the Havdalah itself.

6. The process is as follows:

Fill a kiddush cup with both wine or grape juice, till the liquid overflows a bit onto the plate under. That is symbolic of our need for blessings to overflow into the week.

Gentle the Havdalah candle (a braided candle with a minimum of two wicks, or two candles held with their flames collectively). Somebody aside from the individual making the blessings ought to maintain the candle. If alone, place the candle in a holder.

You possibly can both sit or stand, and shouldn’t converse till the ceremony is accomplished.

Holding the wine cup within the palm of the proper hand (or left for "lefties"), the primary paragraph is alleged:

Blessings for Havdalah

Hineih Eil yeshuasi, evtach ve-lo efchad, ki azi ve-zimras Yah Adonoy, va-yehi li lishu’ah. Ushav’tem mayim be-sasson mi-ma’ainei ha-yeshuah. La’Adonoy ha-yeshuah, al amecha bircha-secha selah. Adonoy tzeva’os imanu, misgav lanu Elohei Ya’akov selah. Adonoy tzeva’os, ashrei adam botei’ach bach, Adonoy hoshiah, ha-melech ya’aneinu ve-yom kareinu. La-yehudim hay’esa ora ve-simcha, ve-sason vikar. Kein ti’heyeh lanu. Kos yeshuos esa, uve-sheim Adonoy ekra.

Behold God is my salvation, I’ll belief and never be afraid. Certainly, God is my energy and my tune and He has develop into my salvation. You shall draw water with pleasure from the wells of salvation. Salvation belongs to God; might Your blessings be upon Your individuals, Selah. The Lord of Hosts is with us, the God of Jacob is a refuge for us, Selah. Lord of Hosts, completely happy is the person who trusts in You. God, save us; might the King reply us on the day we name. "The Jews had radiance and happiness, pleasure and honor." So might it’s for us. I’ll elevate the cup of salvations and invoke the identify of God.

Proceed with the blessing over the wine (however do not drink but):

Savri maranan ve-rabanan ve-rabotai: Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, Borei peri ha-gafen.

Honored and distinguished ones: Blessed are You, God, King of the Universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.

These current reply "Amen."

The cup is then handed to the left hand. The spice field (normally cloves or candy pepper) is picked up with the proper hand and the next blessing is recited:

Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, Borei mini vesamim.

Blessed are You, God, King of the Universe, Creator of varied sorts of spices.

These current reply "Amen."

The chief then smells the spices and passes them round for all to odor.

With the wine cup nonetheless within the left hand, the blessing over the fireplace (candle flame) is alleged:

Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, Borei me’orei ha-aish.

Blessed are You, God, King of the Universe, Creator of the lights of fireplace.

These current reply "Amen."

Everybody now extends their palms towards the flame to see their fingernails (to make the most of the sunshine of the candle).

The cup of wine is now handed again to the proper hand for the concluding blessing:

Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, ha-mavdil bein kodesh le-chol, bein ohr le-choshech, bein Yisrael la-amin, bein yom ha-shevi’i le-sheishes yemei ha-ma’aseh. Baruch ata Adonoy, ha-mavdil bein kodesh le-chol.

Blessed are You, God, King of the Universe, who makes a distinction between sacred and mundane, between gentle and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six working days. Blessed are you, God, Who makes a distinction between sacred and mundane.

These current reply "Amen."

The chief then drinks a minimum of 2 ounces of the liquid.

The steadiness of the wine is used to extinguish the flame. Attempt pouring some right into a dish and immersing the flame till the fireplace is out. Some have the customized, earlier than extinguishing, to gentle two new candles, in order that the "gentle" of Shabbat continues into the week.

It is usually customary to dip one’s fingers into the spilled wine, and place some drops onto your eyelids or ears ― as an omen to "see and listen to" good issues all through the week.

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Feedback (8)

(8) alex, November 22, 2014 5:41 PM

gratitude

Thanks for the easy-understandible well-performed video!
I’ve learn do Havdalah however could not get it earlier than proper. After watching your video now I see it!
However I assume we should stand making Havdalah and at first we should gentle a candle solely then we pour the wine right into a cup. The identical like we do throughout Qiddush. As a result of Qiddush and Havdalah is the one Mitzwah.

(7) Charles T, December 29, 2011 2:08 PM

Glorious presentation-one merchandise lacking

The listteners are purported to recite Layahudim Haita Ora and so forth.

(6) Meira Lerman, December 29, 2011 2:07 PM

My curiosity says: Thanks!

The reduce is brief, clear and really useful! Thanks very a lot.

(5) MARALYN ROSENBAUM, December 29, 2011 2:06 PM

i’m very excited that i discovered you. i’m thinking about Ulpan and the prayer lessons. i actually need to learn to daven in Hebrew. thanks.

(4) gordils, December 29, 2011 2:06 PM

sustain the nice job your doing

(3) Chava Cohen, December 29, 2011 1:59 PM

Thanks for Pathways

Thanks for Pathways. I get pleasure from it very a lot.

(2) , June 29, 2010 4:28 PM

crystal clear

i nearly ask the net Rabbi, on how Havdallah is completed, as a result of what i learn in jewish 101, and what i’ve seen some residence do is a bit completely different. Thanks for the Video. all questions reply for now

When Shabbos ends we do Havdalah in another way with a baby as an alternative of an grownup ingesting Wine or Grape Juice. Is that this right? What are relevent Halachas to recollect when doing Havdalah.

We do it too-my father has in thoughts he’s being yotzei the kid and the kid has it in thoughts it too.

It’s completely OK and a few maintain preferable to do Havdalah as you normally do.

Eishel Avraham 551; Chazon Ish (quoted in Imrei Yosher, pg. 4)

Some favor a minor drink the wine.

The popular minor for this goal is a boy past the age of chinuch however who just isn’t but sufficiently old to know the idea of mourning the destruction of the Beis ha-Mikdash

Mishnah Berurah 551:70. [It is difficult to define the age of such a child.]

If such a baby just isn’t current, any boy below bar mitzvah age will do.

I believe beer just isn’t on the x record for the 9 days, so perhaps you could possibly use that?

Some counsel beer (or different chmar Medina)

The minhag I grew up with – and proceed – is to make use of beer for the 9 days. I’m assuming the OP is concerning the 9 days, though he didn’t say.

I assumed yankdownunder was referring to havdalah in general-not simply the 9 days.

why don’t you ask your Rav?

I’ve no points, as I exploit bronf’n the 12 months spherical for Havdala; scotch usually and slivovits or arak on Peasch. My zeides and ihr zeides on each side of my household have been noheg thus.

1)You maintain the kois in your proper hand and the besamim in your left hand. If you happen to run out of palms after these two have another person maintain the candle.

2)Then you definitely say every thing till and together with borei pri hagofen.

3)You set down the besamim change the kois to your left hand and choose the besamim again up in your proper hand.

4)Then you definitely make a borei minei besamim.

5)Then you definitely put down the besamim maintain your proper hand to the fireplace and make a beorei meorei ha’eish.

6)Then you definitely switch the kois again to your proper hand and conclude havdallah.

7)Sit down (if you happen to stand) drink many of the kois.

8a)Then extinguish the candle within the puddle in your plate (in case your spouse doesn’t allow you to spill on the ground) by pouring from the kois onto the candle.

8b)If you’re nervous about your own home burning relight the candle.

10)Make al hagefen.

11)Sing hamavdil bein kodesh lechol, change out of Shabbos clothes and have melave malka. Say intestine voch to everybody.

“8b)If you’re nervous about your own home burning relight the candle.”-thats humorous cuz s/o just lately informed us about that and we simply began doing it! I assumed its very random however hey if s/o else heard of it it have to be true!

I’d add 9b) put the wine in your brow and pockets…(a minimum of that is what we do in our home)

oooh yeah i forgot about that. The sefer Minhag Yisroel Torah (I really feel like I received that identify mistaken its just a few quantity set on so many minhagim and their mekoros) says that he seemed for a mekor for sechel and gelt and couldn’t discover any wherever. He requested many gedolim they usually didn’t know both. However he noticed that they did it anyway since “minhag Yisroel Torah”.

What’s really introduced down in halachah is to “wash your eyes with the wine” to indicate chavivus hamitzvah. Perhaps individuals didn’t need to burn there eyes out from the alcohol content material and put it on their eyelids and their children thought they have been placing it on their foreheads and so forth.

I’ve additionally heard that there’s a minhag to placed on the place the place the kesher of the teffilin shel rosh is.

This Halacha is an excerpt from our Sefer

How to perform havdalah
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*In these years that Motzei Yom Tov can also be Motzei Shabbos then the order of Havdalah follows the identical order as Motzei Shabbos.

On Motzei Yom Tov, whether or not it’s Motzei Yom Tov to a weekday or Motzei Yom Tov to Chol Hamoed, one is required to recite Havdalah over a cup of wine identical to on Motzei Shabbos. Nevertheless, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night time it isn’t recited. [2]

Haeish: Throughout Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we don’t say a blessing over hearth. [3]

Besamim: Throughout Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we don’t say a blessing over Besamim. [4]

Nussach: [5] The Nussach of Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov that falls on a weekday additionally comprises the phrases “Bein Yom Hashevi’i Lesheishes Yimei Hamaaseh” [6] , though it’s now in center of the week [and it thus seems irrelevant to mention this statement]. [7] [Thus, it follows the same Nussach as any Motzei Shabbos.]

Q&A

Are the Pesukim of Hinei Keil Yeshuasi recited on Motzei Yom Tov?

Sure. [8] Nevertheless, some [9] have the customized to omit it.

Could one who didn’t say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov say it the following day? [10]

One who didn’t say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the following day [11] [until sunset [12] ], and isn’t to eat or drink something, moreover for water, till he does so. [13] If one didn’t say Havdalah the following day [prior to sunset] then he might not say Havdalah [14] , and should thus proceed consuming and ingesting as common.

Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Yom Tov?

Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed?

[1] Admur 491:1; 602:2 [Regarding Motzei R”H]

[2] Admur 491:4; Havdalah just isn’t recited both in prayer or over a cup of wine. Therefore, Veatah Chonantanu is omitted in Shemoneh Esrei of Friday night time, and one doesn’t say Yaknahaz by Kiddush.

The explanation: The explanation for it’s because the holiness of Shabbos is larger than that of the holiness of Yom Tov. [Admur ibid]

[3] The explanation: Because the blessing over a flame was solely instituted to be mentioned on Motzei Shabbos and Motzei Yom Kippur, during which case hearth was prohibited for all the day and it now returns to be permitted, as defined in 298/1-2. Nevertheless, on Yom Tov, hearth was not prohibited from getting used for a necessity on the Vacation. [Admur ibid]

[4] The explanation: One is simply required to say a blessing over Besamim on Motzei Shabbos, because the soul is pained by the depart of the additional soul it acquired on Shabbos and has now exited from it on Motzei Shabbos, and must be comforted. Nevertheless, on Yom Tov, there isn’t a additional soul given in any respect. [Admur ibid]

Background and evaluation:

Admur in 491/1 provides the phrases “There is no such thing as a additional soul given in any respect in any respect”. This follows the ruling of Tosafos Pesachim 102a; Rashba 3/290; Radbaz 2/620 that there isn’t a additional soul on Yom Tov. Nevertheless, the Rashbam Pesachim 102b guidelines there’s an additional soul on Yom Tov, and so is the ruling of the Zohar. Vetzaruch Iyun how the above Poskim can go towards the Zohar. Maybe in reality there are a lot of ranges of an additional soul, and on Shabbos one receives a better degree than on Yom Tov. Nevertheless, Tzaruch Iyun from Admur which states “on Yom Tov there isn’t a additional soul in any respect”. In reality, within the supply of Admur from the Magen Avraham and Levush these phrases “in any respect” are omitted. Moreover, in sure prints of the Shulchan Aruch of Admur this complete Halacha is lacking. It likely then is the case that Admur didn’t write this phrase and it was written by the copier. [Shaar Hakolel 17/22; Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa] Nevertheless, the Rebbe in Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa footnote 15 explains that based mostly on Nigleh there isn’t a additional soul in any respect on Yom Tov, and it’s only based mostly on Kabala that there’s an additional soul, therefore Admur wrote in his Shulchan Aruch, which follows the rulings of Nigleh, that there isn’t a additional soul “in any respect”.

Another excuse: Concerning the second purpose talked about by the Bach for smelling Besamim, as a result of return of the fireplace of Gehenom, the Mordechai [Pesachim 105] guidelines that on Yom Tov Gehenom just isn’t subdued, and thus there isn’t a want for Besamim on Motzei Yom Tov. Nevertheless, Tosafos [Beitza 33b] guidelines that Gehenom is subdued on Yom Tov and therefore the rationale for the omission of Besamim is as a result of there isn’t a additional soul.

[6] As defined in 296 [ibid; Vetzaruch Iyun as in 296 no mention of this is made. See also 473/9]

[7] The explanation: As one is solely stating the order of Havdalos which can be written within the Torah “Bein Kodesh Lechol, Bein Or Lechoshech, Bein Yisrael Leamim and so forth”. [ibid; See also 599 regarding Vetodieinu for a similar ruling]

[8] Peri Megadim 491 M”Z 1; and so is the customized of the Rebbe as was witnessed in public.

[9] Mateh Ephraim 601/10; 624/5

[10] For record of opinions on this query see Sdei Chemed Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15; Kaf Hachaim 299/24

[11] So guidelines Kol Bo 59; Rav Akiva Eiger 299/6; Beis Ephraim; Mishneh Berurah 299/15; Piskeiy Teshuvos 299/4; SSH”Ok and so infers Sdei Chemed [Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15] from Admur 299/Eight who permits saying Havdalah of Shabbos the following day even when one purposely skipped Havdalah at night time, thus proving that the following say just isn’t a Din Tashlumin, however fairly a continuation of the duty.

Different Poskim: Some Poskim rule one might not say Havdalah even the following day, as Safek Brachos Lehakel. [Many Poskim listed in Sdei Chemed ibid and so he rules; Chida in Birkeiy Yosef 491/1; Machazik Bracha 491/1; Chesed Leavraham 491/2; Ben Ish Chaiy Vayeitzei 23]

[12] Nevertheless, previous sundown, he’s to not say Havdalah as it’s now a query whether or not or not the following day has begun, and plenty of Poskim maintain that Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov might not be made up even the following day. Thus, after sundown one is to be stringent. [So also rules Piskeiy Teshuvos 299/10]

[13] 299/Eight concerning Havdalah after Shabbos, and the identical rule applies to Motzei Yom Tov

[14] So is known from all of the Poskim talked about within the first footnote who solely lengthen the allowance for the following day.

Different Opinions: The Beis Yehuda 2/28, and different Poskim [brought in Sdei Chemed ibid] rule that one might say Havdalah all the week. We don’t rule like this opinion, as introduced in Chachma Umusur [see Sdei Chemed] that every one the Poskim argued on his ruling. Likewise, the Chida [Bircheiy Yosef 491/1; Machazikei Bracha 491/1] argues towards his ruling.

[15] P”M 295 M”Z 3; Beir Heiytiv 491:1

[16] Elya Raba 491:2; Aruch Hashulchan 295:3

[17] The explanation: As Chol Hamoed is forbidden in Melacha, and it’s therefore a belittling of Chol Hamoed to bless the weeks Melacha.

[18] Hayom Yom 19 th Nissan; see additionally Sefer Haminhagim p. 118 [English]; Otzer Minhagei Chabad p. 142

Unique Chabad customized: Within the earlier prints of Hayom Yom p. 46 it said that one doesn’t say Vayiten Lecha in any respect on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed. This was based mostly on an express directive of the Rebbe Rayatz that one is to not say it and that so was the customized of the Rebbe Rashab and the Rebbe Maharash, though there have been some years during which they mentioned it. [Reshimos 4:12 and 22]

How to perform havdalah

Havdalah is a Hebrew phrase meaning “separation” and is the ritual that ends Shabbat, separating it from the beginning of the brand new week. The service can happen within the residence, in synagogue or in a gaggle. A phenomenal ritual, it’s a short ceremony that makes use of 4 components to mark the second we sadly say goodbye to the fantastic thing about Shabbat, and pledge to hold its presents into the week to come back.

We drink from a cup of wine – which symbolizes the enjoyment we skilled on Shabbat. We move a spice field (stuffed with cinnamon or one other candy smelling spice) – which symbolizes the lingering scent of the sweetness of Shabbat. We gentle a multi-wicked candle – which symbolizes how our busy separate selves come collectively on Shabbat. The sunshine, the wine, and spices all come collectively to assist us carry Shabbat with us by the week till the following Shabbat. We extinguish the candle into the wine to conclude the ceremony, as a remaining second of “goodbye” to Shabbat. With the singing of Shavua Tov and Eliyahu haNavi we want one another a “good week” to come back and lengthy for a day when Shabbat received’t want to finish in any respect!

As Shabbat ends, the Havdalah candle is lit. It’s customary to boost the cup of wine or grape juice excessive when the final sentence is recited after which proceed to the blessings. This paragraph is a group of Biblical verses.

הִנֵּה אֵל יְשׁוּעָתִי, אֶבְטַח וְלֹא אֶפְחָד,
כִּי עָזִּי וְזִמְרָת יָהּ יְיָ, וַיְהִי לִי לִישׁוּעָה.
וּשְׁאַבְתֶּם מַֽיִם בְּשָׂשׂוֹן, מִמַּעַיְנֵי הַיְשׁוּעָה.
לַייָ הַיְשׁוּעָה, עַל עַמְּךָ בִרְכָתֶֽךָ סֶּֽלָה.
יְיָ צְבָאוֹת עִמָּֽנוּ, מִשְׂגָּב לָנוּ אֱלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב סֶֽלָה.
יְיָ צְבָאוֹת, אַשְרֵי אָדָם בֹּטֵֽחַ בָּךְ.
יְיָ הוֹשִֽׁיעָה, הַמֶּֽלֶךְ יַעֲנֵֽנוּ בְיוֹם קָרְאֵֽנוּ.
לַיְּהוּדִים הָיְתָה אוֹרָה וְשִׂמְחָה וְשָׂשׂוֹן וִיקָר.
כֵּן תִּהְיֶה לָּֽנוּ.
כּוֹס יְשׁוּעוֹת אֶשָּׂא, וּבְשֵׁם יְיָ אֶקְרָא.

Hinei El y’shuati, evtach v’lo efchad.
Ki ounces v’zimrat Yah Adonai vay’hello li lishuah.
Ush’avtem mayim b’sason mimaay’nei hay’shuah.
L’Adonai hay’shuah, al am’cha virchatecha, selah.
Adonai tz’vaot imanu, misgav lanu, Elohei Yaakov, selah.
Adonai tz’vaot, ashrei adam botei-ach bach!
Adonai hoshiah; haMelech yaaneinu v’yom kor’einu.

(This line is typically recited by the members first after which the chief repeats:)
LaY’hudim hay’tah orah v’simchah v’sason vikar; kein tih’yeh lanu.

Kos y’shuot esa, uv’shem Adonai ekra.

Behold, the God who offers me triumph! I’m assured, unafraid; for Adonai is my energy and would possibly, and has been my deliverance. Joyfully shall you draw water from the fountains of triumph, deliverance is Adonai‘s; Your blessing be upon Your individuals! Selah.
Adonai Tz’vaot is with us; the God of Jacob is our haven. Selah.
Adonai Tz’vaot. completely happy is the one who trusts in You. O Adonai, grant victory!
Could the Sovereign reply us after we name.

(This line is typically recited by the members first after which the chief repeats:)
The Jews loved gentle and gladness, happiness and honor. So might it’s for us.

The Havdalah Ceremony –

Distinguishing the Sacred from the Profane

You’re to differentiate between the holy and the widespread,
and between the unclean and the clear.
– Leviticus 10:10

THE HAVDALAH (actually, “separation”) ceremony is noticed on the finish of Shabbat (on Saturday night time, when three stars are seen within the sky), with a view to mark the excellence between the departing sacred day and the approaching peculiar weekday. One technique to start your Havdalah ceremony is to go outdoors and take a look at the celebs to behold the surprise of God’s creation.

The ceremony is normally celebrated at residence with household or mates and contains three blessings — over wine, spices, and lightweight — in addition to the hamavdil, a blessing thanking God for separating the times and making the Shabbat sacred. Three parts are required for the house ceremony:

  1. A tall, braided candle with a number of wicks
  2. A Kiddush cup of wine
  3. A field crammed with aromatic spices (besamim)

The Havdalah ceremony normally begins with the recitation of plenty of biblical verses commemorating God’s salvation. For instance, Isaiah 12:2-Three is usually recited:

Behold, God is my salvation; I’ll belief, and never be afraid: for the LORD Adonai is my energy and my tune; he is also develop into my salvation. Due to this fact with pleasure shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.
(Isaiah 12:2-3)

Hinneih el yeshua’ti, evtach velo efchad,
ki-oz. v’zimrat yah, Adonai vaihili liyshu’ah
ush’avtem-mayim be’sasson mi-ma’ainei haishu’ah.

Psalm 116:13 can also be typically recited:

kos-yeshu’ot essa, uv’shem Adonai ekra.

Blessing over the wine

Simply as Sabbath is welcomed with wine, so it’s concluded with wine as nicely. We raise the Kiddush cup of wine and say the blessing, however don’t drink from the cup presently:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe,
Who creates the fruit of the vine.

Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
borei peri hagafen.

Blessing over the spices

A particular spice field crammed with aromatic herbs (besamim) is used to signify the redolence of Shabbat (the spices generally used are cloves, cinnamon, or bay leaves). Since smelling spices helps distinguish particular perfume from the extra peculiar, a part of the rationale for the besamim field is for example one other separation of the sacred from the profane. The next blessing is alleged upon smelling the spice field:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, Creator of
several types of spices.

Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
borei minei ve-samim.

Blessing over the fireplace

The Havdalah candle represents gentle, the primary component created by God at the start of the primary week. Lighting this candle is the primary act of labor permitted on the yom khol. After lighting, maintain your palms near the flame with a view to see the reflection of the flame on our fingernails or the shadow in your palm. This gentle represents the sunshine by which we are able to now work with our palms on the planet round us. The next blessing is alleged upon contemplating the sunshine:

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe,
Creator of the sunshine of fireplace.

Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
borei me-orei ha-esh.

The braided candle represents gentle, the primary component referred to in Genesis at the start of the primary week of creation. It additionally represents the creation of fireplace. A midrash teaches that, on the finish of the primary Shabbat, Adam was struck by concern with the approaching of darkness. To abate this concern, God gave him information and the instruments to create hearth, thus his concern was abated.

Hamavdil – the Havdalah Blessing Correct

The final blessing of the ceremony is the hamavdil, the blessing over the separation of various issues. This blessing is recited over the Kiddush cup of wine utilizing solely the sunshine of the Havdalah Candle:

Blessed are You LORD our God, King of the universe, who distinguishes between the holy and the profane, between gentle and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of labor. Blessed are You, LORD, who distinguishes between the holy and the profane. Amen.

Barukh attah Adonai elhoheinu melekh ha-olam,
hamavdil bein kodesh le-chol, bein ‘or le-choshekh,
bein yisrael la’amim, bein yom hashevi’i le-sheshet ye-mei hama’asheh.
Barukh attah Adonai, hamavdil bein kodesh le-chol. Amen.

AFTER THE BLESSING is accomplished, we spill a small quantity of the wine from the Kiddush cup onto a plate ( to represent the lack of Shabbat) after which drink from our cups. Lastly, we extinguish the flame from the Havdallah candle by dipping it into the wine cup and listening to it sizzle. The room is now completely darkish. We activate the lights and the sing the tune Eliyahu Hanavi (“The Prophet Elijah”) and want everybody current “Shavu’a Tov” – an excellent week forward!

Two weeks in the past, Betsy and one of many Beth El college students have been studying about havdalah and its blessings, so we determined to make havdalah candles.

After a number of epic failures involving a toaster oven, scorching wax and cigarette lighters, we have been lastly in a position to make a number of four-braid and four-twist havdallah candles. To save lots of different individuals from having to repeat our finger pains and errors, we determined to publish a easy how-to information.

Make Havdalah Candles with out Burning Down Your Kitchen

  • Assemble all supplies:
    • a field of chanukah candles (together with extras in case you make errors)
    • a supply of boiling water
    • a disposable bowl
    • paper towels
    • matches or a lighter
    • a disposable fork
    • Choose three or 4 candles of complementary colours and place them within the bowl. Three is a extra manageable quantity for braiding, however you’ll be able to twist with two, three or 4 candles. Resolve whether or not to braid or twist.
    • Pour boiling water on prime of the candles and permit to sit down for 30-60 seconds.How to perform havdalah
    • When the candles seem smooth and versatile, use the fork to take away them from the water.
    • If you happen to twist, start on the backside. If you happen to braid, use your favourite challah-baking methodology. Now the chanukah candles are very fragile and should collapse. They might have bother sticking collectively. This may be remedied by following the following step.
    • Take one other candle of the identical coloration as one of many candles in your new havdallah candle. Gentle this non-melted candle and permit the wax to drip between the candles with a view to be sure that the candles keep collectively. It’s possible you’ll have to repeat this step a number of instances, because the candles have an annoying tendency to come back aside.