How to plan a theatre room

Over the previous a number of years, I’ve slowly constructed a spreadsheet to satisfy all of my dwelling theater design wants. I observed on varied boards that others may most likely profit from this spreadsheet, so I cleaned it up and I’m now making it accessible to the general public. Please obtain it and put it to good use!

The spreadsheet accommodates calculations for the next:

  • beneficial viewing distances for a given display screen measurement – for each flat panels and projectors (primarily based on THX and SMPTE requirements)
  • beneficial viewing distances for a given show decision – 480p, 720p, 1080p/1080i, 1440p, and so on (primarily based on Visible Acuity requirements)
  • varied display screen side ratios (4:3, 16:9, 1.85:1, 2.35:1, customized ratios, and so on.)
  • projector display screen measurement & display screen brightness with pointers for beneficial values (primarily based on projector brightness and display screen achieve)
  • projector display screen measurement & projector mounting location (primarily based on min/max projector throw distances)
  • seat places, a second row stadium seating platform top calculation, and some different goodies.


Please report any issues or strategies by way of e-mail or the feedback kind beneath.

Revision historical past:

  • Model 4.1: Added particulars on easy methods to enter 4k and 8k UHD resolutions.
  • Model 4.0: Added Anamorphic (horizontal growth) entrance projector lens possibility, which adjusts projector brightness and throw ratios when chosen.
  • Model 3.7: Clarified again row platform top enter fields, modified formulation to forestall damaging platform heights (person information message as a substitute), modified spreadsheet defaults to higher match a typical dwelling theater.
  • Model 3.6: Added characteristic to permit calculation of Visible Acuity Viewing Distance primarily based on eyesight of the viewer. The default is 20/20 imaginative and prescient; altering the enter to 20/10 imaginative and prescient with present that the viewer will be capable to spot decision deficiencies at a lot higher distances as a result of extra acute eyesight.
  • Model 3.5: Mounted bug within the side ratio enter that triggered worldwide customers to have issues (downside was associated to utilizing “,” as decimal delimiter as a substitute of “.”) Added cells to the far proper of the spreadsheet to permit altering and including customized display screen side ratios.
  • Model 3.4: Widened columns that had been inflicting being truncated for worldwide customers.
  • Model 3.3: Added 2.35:1 side ratio again.
  • Model 3.2: Modified anamorphic side ratio from 2.35:1 to 2.370370:1, which is the proper worth for a 16:9 projector with a 4:Three anamorphic lens. Corrected spelling errors on one of many further tabs inside the spreadsheet.
  • Model 3.1: Mounted unit conversion components that was inflicting “Second Row Subject-of-View Width” to not calculate when any unit apart from “inches” was chosen.
  • Model 3.0: Added minimal viewing distance calculation, added conditional suggestions on seating distance for every specification (seating distance too far, and so on.), added first row and second row seating distances (for conditional suggestions on seating distances), added field-of-view outcomes (in levels), added skill to calculate projector throw distances for any display screen measurement (simply enter the throw info for one display screen and it’ll interpolate for different display screen sizes), fastened mis-spelling that was inflicting formulation to interrupt.
  • Model 2.9: Added 2.40:1, 2.70:1 display screen side ratios, added ‘hover’ feedback to higher clarify the completely different seating distances; added conditional formatting on the display screen brightness outcome cell (pink if brightness is simply too low, yellow whether it is near being too low).
  • Model 2.8: Added charts for “seating distance vs. display screen measurement primarily based on display screen decision” and “seating distance vs. display screen measurement primarily based on printed requirements.”
  • Model 2.7: Edited notes fields to enhance readability for information entry fields.
  • Model 2.6: Added LCD/Plasma help. Added 16:10 side ratios for LCD displays. Added hints to assist enter panel resolutions (trace lists commons resolutions). Added pixel density calculation (helpful when utilizing as a PC monitor). Added dot pitch (in mm – millimeters). Added whole pixel rely. Mounted spelling errors.
  • Model 2.5: Up to date display screen brightness calculation to adapt to getting into display screen width vs. top vs. diagonal measurement. Thanks Brad for locating the issue.
  • Model 2.4 – 01-Nov-2004: First Public Launch. Makes use of each metric and English models. Converts between many models. Offers hints for some widespread enter values comparable to side ratio. Seating distance. Platform top. Viewing angle. Display screen brightness. Many different options.

If the spreadsheet is simply too difficult for you…

For those who don’t like working with spreadsheets, enter your display screen measurement beneath to see how shut you’ll want to sit down to totally respect varied display screen resolutions.

Word about “or nearer” viewing distances calculated above: when you sit nearer than the distances proven above, it is possible for you to to see some (however not all) of the element provided by the following increased decision.

How to plan a theatre room

For those who’re planning an occasion however aren’t positive which kind of occasion seating plan is best for you, listed here are some inquiries to ask your self earlier than you resolve which association will work to your occasion:

  • How many individuals will likely be attending your occasion?
  • What’s the function of the occasion?
  • Are there any restrictions because of the sort of venue chosen for the occasion?
  • Will the visitors have to work together with each other at any level throughout the occasion?
  • Are there any particular actions or circumstances that have to be considered?

Security Rules For Your Occasion

Variety of Company

Occasion Seating Plan

By taking every of those parts into consideration, it is possible for you to to pick out the proper occasion seating plan to your occasion.Types and LayoutsThere are lots of completely different occasion seating types and layouts that can be utilized and these might need to be custom-made relying on the wants of your occasion or the venue house accessible. However, by taking these primary layouts, you possibly can give you one thing that may work to your occasion. How to plan a theatre room

Which Occasion Seating Plan To Select?

The theater model structure is used when the visitors are purely an viewers and little or no interplay is required. It’s wonderful for occasions with a lot of visitors, however not a wide selection if meals is being served or if the viewers must do in depth be aware taking.

How to plan a theatre room

When establishing for a theatre model there are a variety of variations that may be utilized to swimsuit the wants of your occasion. Listed below are some choices:

  • Round rows
  • Semi-circular rows
  • Straight rows
  • Angled rows in direction of the occasions focus
    Another particular options you possibly can implement that may make a distinction to your visitors embody the next:
  • You possibly can offset the rows from each other in order that the visitors may have a transparent view of the focus.
  • Depart some room between every chair if banquet chairs are getting used as these are usually narrower than the typical particular person’s physique.
  • Permit for at least 24 inches between the rows to make it simpler for the visitors to get in and get out of their rows.

You’ll solely be capable to implement these options in case your venue has enough house.

U-Form Seating Structure – A sequence of convention tables are set-up to create the form of the letter “U”. The chairs are then positioned on the surface of the “U”. This is a superb model when there are few visitors and so they have a focus comparable to a display screen or TV. That is generally used for administrators conferences, dialogue teams, or different forms of committee conferences.

How to plan a theatre room

One of these structure is superb for teams of 25 or much less and the place note-taking and interplay could also be required.

Classroom Model Seating – As you possibly can see within the image, there are rows of convention tables and the chairs that face one route in direction of the entrance of the room.

This occasion seating model obtained its title due to its recognition in school rooms and test-taking conditions. In consequence, it’s wonderful for occasions wherein an individual might want to take notes, obtain handouts, or use devises comparable to a laptop computer.

How to plan a theatre room

That is additionally a very good structure if it’s a protracted occasion, comparable to a convention, as a result of it permits the person to have room for refreshments. Nonetheless, this isn’t the most effective structure if interplay between visitors is required.

Convention Model (additionally known as “Boardroom Model”) – Given the title, this occasion seating model is used loads for board conferences and different committee conferences as a result of it encourages interplay between the visitors.

One desk or a set of tables is mixed to create one giant desk in the midst of the room with chairs across the sides and the ends. This isn’t an excellent set-up if there’s a presentation as a result of it may be troublesome for the visitors to have a very good view.

How to plan a theatre room

Banquet Model Usually used for weddings or gala dinners, this is a superb possibility when meals is being served. The caterers use spherical tables all through the room with chairs round every desk.

Take into account that a number of the visitors must flip their chairs so as to see the presentation or head desk.

How to plan a theatre room

Pageant Seating – any such occasion seating permits attendees to pick out their very own house in an open space. In most of these occasions, like open air theaters or music festivals, there are sometimes no chairs supplied or not sufficient chairs for the variety of visitors planning to attend.

Common Admissions – usually used at rock live shows, any such occasion seating permits the visitors to decide on their seat and can be utilized for any of the seating types listed above.

How to plan a theatre room

Reserved Seating – Right here, you possibly can both use a spot card to assign visitors’-their seat or you possibly can present the visitor with a ticket to designate every chair to every of the members or visitors. How to plan a theatre room

Now, I’d love to listen to from you.

Within the feedback beneath, let me know which kind of occasion seating plan you employ essentially the most and why.

With regards to dwelling theater structure, the key is location, location, location. While you’re planning your private home theater, we’ll place your audio system, display screen, and subwoofers for optimum efficiency

How to plan a theatre room

The Generic Method

Failing to think about seat, speaker, display screen, and sub placement can result in actual issues and damage the efficiency of your private home theater:

  • Neck ache from a display screen positioned too excessive
  • Lack of immersiveness from a display screen that’s too small
  • Poor encompass sound expertise as a result of audio system within the incorrect locations
  • Totally different bass ranges in each seat, some with an excessive amount of, others not sufficient
  • Various excessive frequencies throughout the seating space, due to audio system with slender dispersion

How to plan a theatre room

Skilled House Theater Structure Consulting

Acoustic Frontiers’ House Theater room design service optimizes the position of the audio system, seats, and display screen.

The method begins with a radical analysis of how you propose to make use of the

room. We take your necessities and overlay them with business greatest practices from CEDIA, Dolby, THX, and our years of expertise to design the proper theater for you. Our strategy incorporates evaluation throughout all facets of theater structure:

  • Room dimensions
  • Seat placement
  • Sight line and riser
  • Speaker placement and protection
  • Lateral and horizontal viewing angle
  • Entry and entry necessities

For greatest outcomes, we advocate combining the structure service with our different choices: Audio Design, Video Design, Low Frequency Optimization, and Acoustic Remedy Design. Structure is greatest completed at the side of Low Frequency Optimization, since this service incorporates evaluation of seat and subwoofer placement to provide constant seat-to-seat bass below 100Hz.

If you need greater than schematic layouts, we’re joyful to assist. We are able to present development stage documentation, whereas some fanatics ask us to design their baffle/display screen partitions and risers.

House Theater System Design Deliverables

  • Annotated, dimensioned plan and elevation CAD drawings protecting:
  • Speaker placement
  • Seat placement
  • Display screen placement
  • Subwoofer placement (by way of our Low Frequency Optimization service)

House Theater Structure Service Advantages

  • You realize precisely the place to place the audio system, seats and display screen in your house theater
  • Display screen measurement and placement yields snug and immersive vertical and lateral viewing angles that meet business requirements, but are tailor-made to non-public preferences
  • All seats have unobstructed views
  • Excellent mixture of seating types (theater, sofa, bar) to your room and wishes
  • Speaker structure meets business requirements
  • Audio system present constant excessive frequency protection throughout all seats

Case Research and Articles

House theater seating structure: 5 key design and placement suggestions

The primary job that ought to be completed in any dwelling theater design is selecting the quantity and kind of seats. That’s most likely shocking to most fanatics as they suppose that gear is the very first thing that ought to be chosen! The truth is seating decisions find yourself dictating numerous different issues together with room dimensions, acoustic [. ]

House theater speaker structure – 5.1 and seven.1 suggestions from Dolby, THX and ITU

The place do I put all these audio system in my 5.1 or 7.1 channel dwelling theater? That’s the query we sort out on this article. There are three primary organizations that present steerage on speaker placement. They’re THX, Dolby and the Worldwide Telecommunications Union (ITU). THX and Dolby steerage is directed principally for film manufacturing and [. ]

House theater viewing angles, distances and sightlines

Horizontal Viewing Angles The horizontal viewing angle is the angle subtended by a straight line from all sides of the display screen to the seating place. The primary two requirements within the business world are the SMPTE and THX specs as summarized within the diagram beneath: New cinemas constructed to THX specs have a minimal viewing [. ]